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plant process

TermDefinition
photosynthesis he process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water. Photosynthesis in plants generally involves the green pigment chlorophyll and generates oxygen as a byproduct.
respiration a process in living organisms involving the production of energy, typically with the intake of oxygen and the release of carbon dioxide from the oxidation of complex organic substances.
stomata Tiny openings called stomata allow plants to exchange gases necessary for cellular processes, such as photosynthesis
guard cells One of the paired cells in the epidermis of a plant that control the opening and closing of a stoma of a leaf.
chlorophyll green pigment found in the chloroplasts of higher plants
chloroplast is one of the pigments important to photosynthesis, which takes place in chloroplasts.
light dependant reaction The series of biochemical reactions in photosynthesis that require light energy that is captured by light-absorbing pigments (such as chlorophyll) to be converted into chemical energy in the form of ATP and NADPH.
light independant reaction the light-independent reactions, or dark reactions, of photosynthesis are chemical reactions that convert carbon dioxide and other compounds into glucose.
energy pyramid An energy pyramid is a graphical model of energy flow in a community. The different levels represent different groups of organisms that might compose a food chain.
producer Producers are organisms that make their own food; they are also known as autotrophs. They get energy from chemicals or the sun, and with the help of water, convert that energy into useable energy in the form of sugar, or food
mitochondrion Mitochondria are known as the powerhouses of the cell.
autotrophs An organism capable of synthesizing its own food from inorganic substances, using light or chemical energy
consumers An organism that generally obtains food by feeding on other organisms or organic matter due to lack of the ability to manufacture own food
herbivore A herbivore is often defined as any organism that eats only plants.
omnivores An omnivore is a kind of animal that eats either other animals or plants
heterothrophs An organism that cannot manufacture its own food and instead obtains its food and energy by taking in organic substances
carnivores a staple diet consisting mainly or exclusively of animal tissue through predation or scavenging.
decomposers Decomposers are organisms that break down dead or decaying organisms
spongy layer a layer of loosely packed and irregularly shaped chlorophyll-bearing cells that fills the part of a leaf
palisade layer A layer of cells just below the upper surface of most leaves, consisting of cylindrical cells that contain many chloroplasts
raw materials Raw materials are materials or substances used in the primary production
oxygen A colorless, tasteless, oderless, gaseous element that abounds in the atmosphere
carbon dioxide Carbon dioxide is a colorless, odorless gas found in our atmosphere
glucose Glucose is the main type of sugar in the blood and is the major source of energy for the body's cells. Glucose comes from the foods we eat or the body can make it from other substances
products
Created by: anderson.cota
 

 



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