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Plant Processes

SOL 7.5

TermDefinition
Photosynthesis Photosynthesis in plants generally involves the green pigment chlorophyll and generates oxygen as a byproduct.
Respiration a process in living organisms involving the production of energy, typically with the intake of oxygen and the release of carbon dioxide from the oxidation of complex organic substances.
Stomata-stoma leaf or stem of a plant, forming a slit of variable width that allows movement of gases in and out of the intercellular spaces.
Guard cells each of a pair of curved cells that surround a stoma, becoming larger or smaller according to the pressure within the cells.
Chlorophyll green pigment, present in all green plants responsible for the absorption of light to provide energy for photosynthesis.
Chloroplast a plastid that contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthesis takes place.
Light dependent reaction use light energy to make two molecules needed for the next stage of photosynthesis:
Light independent reaction dark reactions, of photosynthesis are chemical reactions that convert carbon dioxide and other compounds into glucose.
Energy pyramid graphical representation designed to show the biomass or bio productivity at each trophic level in a given ecosystem.
Producer organism, either a green plant or bacterium, which is part of the first level of a food chain.
Mitochondria organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which the biochemical processes of respiration and energy production occur.
Autotraphs an organism that is able to form nutritional organic substances from simple inorganic substances such as carbon dioxide.
Consumers organism that feeds on plants or other animals for energy.
Herbivore an animal that feeds on plants.
Omnivores an animal or person that eats food of both plant and animal origin.
Heterotrophs organism deriving its nutritional requirements from complex organic substances.
Carnivores an animal that feeds on flesh.
Decomposers an organism, especially a soil bacterium, fungus, or invertebrate, that decomposes organic material.
Spongy layer layer of loosely packed and irregularly shaped chlorophyll-bearing cells that fills the part of a leaf between the palisade layer and the lower epidermis called
Palisade layer a layer of parallel elongated cells below the epidermis of a leaf.
Raw materials processed or unprocessed any product of agriculture, forestry, fishing and any other mineral that is in its natural form
Oxygen chemical element in the periodic table.
Carbon dioxide colorless, odorless gas produced by burning carbon and organic compounds and by respiration.
Portfolios,questioning self-reflection is a process in which you look back on your science work and examine the strengths and weaknesses of the work.
Glucose type of sugar you get from foods you eat, and your body uses it for energy.
Products substance that is formed as the result of a chemical reaction.
Created by: Paulina.Aguilar
 

 



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