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PLANT PROCESSES

SOL 7.5

TermDefinition
PHOTOSYNTHESIS Plants absorb sunlight and turn that energy into food; the process is known as photosynthesis.
RESPIRATION Respiration is the act of breathing. You wear a ventilator if you need help with your respiration.
STOMATA a minute epidermal pore in a leaf or stem through which gases and water vapor can pass
GUARD CELLS each of a pair of curved cells that surround a stoma, becoming larger or smaller according to the pressure within the cells.
CHLOROPHYLL Chlorophyll makes plants green. It's basically a group of green pigments used by organisms that convert sunlight into energy via photosynthesis.
CHLOROPLASTE The chloroplast is the place in a plant cell where photosynthesis happens. Your rose bushes have chloroplasts, but you don’t.
LIGHT DEPENDENT REACTION use light energy to make two molecules needed for the next stage of photosynthesis: the energy storage molecule In plants, the light reactions take place in the thylakoid membranes of organelles called chloroplasts.
LIGHT INDEPENDENT REACTION These reactions occur in the stroma, the fluid-filled area of a chloroplast outside the thylakoid membranes.
ENERGY PYRAMID An energy pyramid is a graphical model of energy flow in a community. The different levels represent different groups of organisms that might compose a food chain.
PRODUCER A producer is a maker or manufacturer of something.
MITOCHONDRION an organelle containing enzymes responsible for producing energy
AUTOTROPHS is a plant that can make its own food.
CONSUMER A consumer is someone who buys or consumes, or uses up, something. An economy could not keep functioning without consumers.
Herbivore Herbivores eat plants.
OMNIVORE An omnivore is an animal that eats both plants and animals for their main food.
HETEROTROPHS is an animal that can’t make its own food supply, so they have to eat other things, like plants or other animals, to survive.
CARNIVORES is something that feeds on the flesh of animals.
DECOMPOSERS an organism, especially a soil bacterium, fungus, or invertebrate, that decomposes organic material.
SPONGY LAYER a layer of loosely packed and irregularly shaped chlorophyll-bearing cells that fills the part of a leaf between the palisade layer and the lower epidermis -- called also spongy parenchyma, spongy tissue.
PALISADE LAYER a layer of parallel elongated cells below the epidermis of a leaf.
RAW MATERIALS the basic material from which a product is made.
OXYGEN a colorless, odorless reactive gas, the chemical element of atomic number 8 and the life-supporting component of the air.
CARBON DIOXIDE a colorless, odorless gas produced by burning carbon and organic compounds and by respiration. It is naturally present in air (about 0.03 percent) and is absorbed by plants in photosynthesis.
GLUCOSE a simple sugar that is an important energy source in living organisms and is a component of many carbohydrates.
PRODUCT is a substance that is formed as the result of a chemical reaction. ... The number and type of atoms on the reactants side of the equation are the same as the number
Created by: Lamark reid.03