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Plant Process

SOL 7.5

TermDefinition
Photosynthesis The process in which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water
Respiration a process in living organisms involving the production of energy, typically with the intake of oxygen and the release of carbon dioxide from the oxidation of complex organic substances
Stomata any of the minute pores in the epidermis of the leaf or stem of a plant, forming a slit of variable width that allows movement of gases in and out of the intercellular spaces.
Guard Cells each of a pair of curved cells that surround a stoma, becoming larger or smaller according to the pressure within the cells
Chlorophyll a green pigment, present in all green plants and in cyanobacteria, responsible for the absorption of light to provide energy for photosynthesis.
Chloroplast (in plant cells) a plastid that contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthesis takes place
Light Dependent Reaction The series of biochemical reactions in photosynthesis that require light energy that is captured by light-absorbing pigments (such as chlorophyll) to be converted into chemical energy.
Light Independent Reaction Chemical reactions that convert carbon dioxide and other compounds into glucose
Energy Pyramid Graphical model of energy flow in a community.
Producer An autotrophic organism capable of producing complex organic compounds from simple inorganic molecules through the process of photosynthesis.
Mitochondrion The powerhouses of the cell.
Autotrophs An organism capable of synthesizing its own food from inorganic substances, using light or chemical energy.
Consumers An organism that generally obtains food by feeding on other organisms or organic matter due to lack of the ability to manufacture own food from inorganic sources.
Herbivore Any organism that eats only plants.
Omnivore An omnivore is a kind of animal that eats either other animals or plants.
Heterotrophs An organism that cannot manufacture its own food and instead obtains its food and energy by taking in organic substances, usually plant or animal matter
Carnivore An animal or plant that requires a staple diet consisting mainly or exclusively of animal tissue through predation or scavenging.
Decomposers Decomposers are organisms that break down dead or decaying organisms.
Spongy Layer A layer of loosely packed and irregularly shaped chlorophyll-bearing cells that fills the part of a leaf between the palisade layer and the lower epidermis -- called also spongy parenchyma, spongy tissue.
Palisade Layer a layer of columnar cells rich in chloroplasts found beneath the upper epidermis of foliage leaves.
Raw Materials Raw materials are materials or substances used in the primary production or manufacturing of goods.
Oxygen A colorless, tasteless, oderless, gaseous element that abounds in the atmosphere.
Carbon Dioxide Carbon dioxide is a colorless, odorless gas found in our atmosphere.
Glucose Glucose is the main type of sugar in the blood and is the major source of energy for the body's cells. Glucose comes from the foods we eat or the body can make it from other substances.
Products a product is a substance that is formed as the result of a chemical reaction
Created by: Kylie.Chesser
 

 



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