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Plant processes

SOL. 7.5

TermDefinition
Photosynthesis the process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water.
Respiration a process in living organisms involving the production of energy,
Stomata open and close to allow the intake of carbon dioxide and the release of oxygen.
Guard cells each of a pair of curved cells that surround a stoma, becoming larger or smaller according to the pressure within the cells.
Chlorophyll a green pigment, present in all green plants
Chloroplast a plastid that contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthesis takes place.
Light dependent reaction The series of biochemical reactions in photosynthesis that require light energy that is captured by light-absorbing pigments
Light independent reaction The series of biochemical reactions in photosynthesis that do not require light to proceed, and ultimately produce organic molecules from carbon dioxide.
Energy pyramid An energy pyramid is a graphical model of energy flow in a community.
Producer Producers are organisms that make their own food;
Mitochondrion an organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which the biochemical processes of respiration and energy production occur.
Autotrophs an organism that is able to form nutritional organic substances from simple inorganic substances such as carbon dioxide.
Consumers a person or thing that eats or uses something.
Herbivore an animal that feeds on plants.
Omnivores an animal or person that eats food of both plant and animal origin.
Heterotrophs an organism deriving its nutritional requirements from complex organic substances.
Carnivores an animal that feeds on flesh.
Decomposers an organism, especially a soil bacterium, fungus, or invertebrate, that decomposes organic material
Spongy layer a layer of loosely packed and irregularly shaped chlorophyll-bearing cells that fills the part of a leaf between the palisade layer and the lower epidermis
Palisade layer a layer of parallel elongated cells below the epidermis of a leaf.
Raw materials the basic material from which a product is made
Oxygen a colorless, odorless reactive gas, the chemical element of atomic number 8 and the life-supporting component of the air
Carbon dioxide a colorless, odorless gas produced by burning carbon and organic compounds and by respiration.
Glucose a simple sugar that is an important energy source in living organisms and is a component of many carbohydrates.
Products a cellular product is something "manufactured" by an organelle
Created by: Leanna.Ramirez
 

 



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