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Plant Processes

SOL 7.5

TermDefinition
Photosynthesis the process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water.
Respiration a process in living organisms involving the production of energy, typically with the intake of oxygen and the release of carbon dioxide from the oxidation of complex organic substances.
Stomata any of the minute pores in the epidermis of the leaf or stem of a plant, forming a slit of variable width that allows movement of gases in and out of the intercellular spaces.
Guard Cells each of a pair of curved cells that surround a stoma, becoming larger or smaller according to the pressure within the cells.
Chlororhpyll a green pigment, present in all green plants and in cyanobacteria, responsible for the absorption of light to provide energy for photosynthesis.
Chloroplast a plastid that contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthesis takes place.
Light dependent reaction use light energy to make two molecules needed for the next stage of photosynthesis
Light independent reaction or dark reactions, of photosynthesis are chemical reactions that convert carbon dioxide and other compounds into glucose.
Energy Pyramid graphical representation designed to show the biomass or bio productivity
Prouducer Producers are organisms that make their own food; they are also known as autotrophs.
Mitochondria an organelle found in large numbers in most cells and respiration and energy production occur
Autotrophs n organism that is able to form nutritional organic substances from simple inorganic substances such as carbon dioxide.
Consumers Consumers are organisms that eat organisms from a different population
Herbevories an animal that feeds on plants
Omnivores an animal or person who eats food of both plant and animal origin. (plants and meats)
Heterotrophs an organism deriving its nutritional requirements from complex organic substances.
Carnivores an animal that feeds on flesh
Decomposers an organism, especially a soil bacterium, fungus, or invertebrate, that decomposes organic material.
Spongy Layer loosely packed and irregularly shaped chlorophyll-bearing cells that fills the part of a leaf
Palisade Layer a layer of parallel elongated cells below the epidermis of a leaf.
Raw Materials the basic material from which a product is made.
Oxygen most abundant, colorless, odorless reactive gas ( what we breathe).
Carbon Dioxide what we breathe out after we breathe in the oxygen.
Glucose type of sugar you get from foods you eat, and your body uses it for energy.
Products a chemical substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction.
Created by: Kinsey.Carpenter