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plant processes

sol 7.5

TermDefinition
photosynthesis The process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water.
respiration A process in living organisms involving the production of energy, typically with the intake of oxygen and the release of carbon dioxide from the oxidation of complex organic substances.
stomata Tiny openings called stomata allow plants to exchange gases necessary for cellular processes, such as photosynthesis.
guard cells Cells surrounding each stoma. They help to regulate the rate of transpiration by opening and closing the stomata. To understand how they function, study the following figures.
chlorophyll The green pigment found in the chloroplasts of higher plants and in cells of photosynthetic microorganisms
light dependent reaction The series of biochemical reactions in photosynthesis that require light energy that is captured by light-absorbing pigments (such as chlorophyll)
light independent reaction dark reactions, of photosynthesis are chemical reactions that convert carbon dioxide and other compounds into glucose.
energy pyramid The different levels represent different groups of organisms that might compose a food chain.
producer An autotrophic organism capable of producing complex organic compounds from simple inorganic molecules through the process of photosynthesis or through chemosynthesis Supplement.
mitochondrion known as the powerhouses of the cell. They are organelles that act like a digestive system which takes in nutrients, breaks them down, and creates energy rich molecules for the cell
autotroph An organism capable of synthesizing its own food from inorganic substances, using light or chemical energy.
consumers An organism that generally obtains food by feeding on other organisms or organic matter due to lack of the ability to manufacture own food from inorganic sources; a heterotroph.
herbivore often defined as any organism that eats only plants.
omnivores a kind of animal that eats either other animals or plants
herterotrophs An organism that cannot manufacture its own food and instead obtains its food and energy by taking in organic substances, usually plant or animal matter.
carnivores an order of eutherian mammals that are mostly carnivorous and have teeth adapted for flesh eating.
decomposers organisms that break down dead or decaying organisms, and in doing so, they carry out the natural process of decomposition
spongy layer a layer of loosely packed and irregularly shaped chlorophyll-bearing cells that fills the part of a leaf between the palisade layer
palisade a layer of columnar cells rich in chloroplasts found beneath the upper epidermis of foliage leaves.
raw materials are materials or substances used in the primary production or manufacturing of goods.
oxygen A colorless, tasteless, oderless, gaseous element that abounds in the atmosphere.
carbon dioxide a colorless, odorless gas found in our atmosphere.
glucose the main type of sugar in the blood and is the major source of energy for the body's cells.
products chemical substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction; "a product of lime and nitric acid
chloroplast combination of two biological terms, plastid (an organelle in a plant cell), and chloros, which means green.
Created by: kyasia.reed
 

 



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