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plant processes

sol 7.5

TermDefinition
photosynthesis the process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water.
respiration a process in living organisms involving the production of energy, typically with the intake of oxygen and the release of carbon dioxide from the oxidation of complex organic substances
stomata Tiny openings called stomata allow plants to exchange gases necessary for cellular processes, such as photosynthesis.
guard cells When swollen with water, guard cells pull apart from each other, opening the stoma to allow the escape of water vapor and the exchange of gases.
chlorophy II The green pigment found in the chloroplasts of higher plants and in cells of photosynthetic microorganisms (e.g. photosynthetic bacteria), which is primarily involved in absorbing light energy for photosynthesis.
chloroplast Chloroplast is the combination of two biological terms, plastid (an organelle in a plant cell), and chloros, which means green.
light dependent reaction The series of biochemical reactions in photosynthesis that require light energy that is captured by light-absorbing pigments (such as chlorophyll) to be converted into chemical energy in the form of ATP and NADPH.
light independent reaction The light-independent reactions, or dark reactions, of photosynthesis are chemical reactions that convert carbon dioxide and other compounds into glucose.
energy pyramid An energy pyramid is a graphical model of energy flow in a community.
producer An autotrophic organism capable of producing complex organic compounds from simple inorganic molecules through the process of photosynthesis (using light energy) or through chemosynthesis (using chemical energy) Supplement
mitochondrion are known as the powerhouses of the cell.
autotroph An organism capable of synthesizing its own food from inorganic substances, using light or chemical energy.
consumer An organism that generally obtains food by feeding on other organisms or organic matter due to lack of the ability to manufacture own food from inorganic sources; a heterotroph
herbivore is often defined as any organism that eats only plants.
omnivores is a kind of animal that eats either other animals or plants.
heterotrophs An organism that cannot manufacture its own food and instead obtains its food and energy by taking in organic substances, usually plant or animal matter.
carnivores that requires a staple diet consisting mainly or exclusively of animal tissue through predation or scavenging. Supplement.
decomposers are organisms that break down dead or decaying organisms, and in doing so, they carry out the natural process of decomposition.
spongy layer of loosely packed and irregularly shaped chlorophyll-bearing cells that fills the part of a leaf between the palisade layer and the lower epidermis -- called also spongy parenchyma, spongy tissue.
palisade layer of columnar cells rich in chloroplasts found beneath the upper epidermis of foliage leaves
raw materials before being processed or manufactured; material in its natural state such as iron and coal.
oxygen is an element with an atomic weight of 15.96. It is capable of combining with all elements, with the exception of fluorine, to form oxides, bases, oxyacid anhydrides, etc.
carbon dioxide is a colorless, odorless gas found in our atmosphere.
glucose is the main type of sugar in the blood and is the major source of energy for the body's cells.
products what's made or produced
Created by: leander.shockley