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Plant Processes

SOL7.5

TermDefinition
Photosynthesis The synthesis of complex organic material using carbon dioxide, water, inorganic salts, and light energy (from sunlight) captured by light-absorbing pigments, such as chlorophyll and other accessory pigments.
Respiration Any of the various analogous processes by which there is an exchange of gases.
Stomata
Guard Cells plant cells occurring in pairs in the epidermis, flanking each stoma
Chlorophyll The green pigment found in the chloroplasts of higher plants and in cells of photosynthetic microorganisms (e.g. photosynthetic bacteria), which is primarily involved in absorbing light energy for photosynthesis.
Chloroplast Chlorophyll-containing plastid found within the cells of plants and other photosynthetic eukaryotes
Light Dependent Reaction The reaction taking place in the chloroplast in which the absorption of a photon leads to the formation of atp and nadph.
Light Independent Reaction The series of biochemical reactions in photosynthesis that do not require light to proceed, and ultimately produce organic molecules from carbon dioxide.
Energy Pyramid A graphical representation in the shape of a pyramid to show the feeding relationship of groups of organisms, and the flow of energy or biomass through the different trophic levels in a given ecosystem
Producer An autotrophic organism capable of producing complex organic compounds from simple inorganic molecules through the process of photosynthesis (using light energy) or through chemosynthesis (using chemical energy)
Mitochondrion A spherical or rod-shaped organelle with its own genome, and is responsible for the generation of most of the cell's supply of adenosine triphosphate through the process of cellular respiration
Created by: brettmorgan