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Anat & Phys. I

Body Cavities

TermDefinition
thoracic cavity separated from abdominal cavity by diaphragm.
mediastinum middle wall. contains heart, thymus, trachea, esophagus
abdominal cavity enclosed by abdominal muscles. not separated from the pelvic cavity. contains stomach intestines, liver, spleen, pancreas, kidneys
pelvic cavity enclosed by pelvic bone. not separated from the abdominal cavity. contains urinary bladder, part of large intestine, reproductive organs.
Serous Membranes line the trunk cavities and covers the organs within these cavaties
paricardial cavity "around the heart" in thoracic cavity
pleural cavities two lung cavities "associated with the ribs" in thoracic cavity
peritoneal cavity "to stretch over" in abdominopelvic cavity
viceral peritoneum covers organs in abdominopelvic cavity
parietal peritoneum lines the wall of the abdominopelvic cavity
pericarditus inflammation of the pericardium surrounding the heart
pleurisy inflammation of the pleura surrounding the lungs
peritonitus inflammation of the peritoneum
mesenteries anchor organs to the body and provide a pathway for nerves and blood vessels to reach the organs in the abdominopelvic cavity
retroperitoneal "behind the peritoneum" - parietal peritoneum covering the kidneys, glands, pancreas, parts of the intestines and urinary bladder
Created by: eamallett