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Vocabulario word

TermDefinition
Alimentary relating to nourishment or sustenance.
Anus the opening at the end of the alimentary canal through which solid waste matter leaves the body.
Appendicitis a serious medical condition in which the appendix becomes inflamed and painful.
Appendix a tube-shaped sac attached to and opening into the lower end of the large intestine in humans and some other mammals.
Bile Bile, also called gall, greenish yellow secretion that is produced in the liver and passed to the gallbladder for concentration, storage, or transport into the first region of the small intestine, the duodenum.
Chemical digestion the process in the alimentary canal by which food is broken up physically, as by the action of the teeth, and chemically, as by the action of enzymes, and converted into a substance suitable for absorption and assimilation into the body.
Chyme the thick fluid mass of partially digested food that leaves the stomach
Colon the part of the large intestine extending from the cecum to the rectum.
Constipation a condition of the bowels in which the feces are dry and hardened and evacuation is difficult and infrequent.
diarrhea an intestinal disorder characterized by abnormal frequency and fluidity of fecal evacuations.
Esophagus a muscular passage connecting the mouth or pharynx with the stomach in invertebrate and vertebrate animals; gullet.
Feces waste matter discharged from the intestines through the anus; excrement.
Gall bladder a pear-shaped, muscular sac attached to the undersurface of the right lobe of the liver, in which bile is stored and concentrated.
Gastric juice the digestive fluid, containing pepsin and other enzymes, secreted by the glands of the stomach
Hydrochloric acid a colorless or faintly yellow, corrosive, fuming liquid, HCl, used chiefly in chemical and industrial processes.
Large intestine the part of the alimentary canal consisting of the caecum, colon, and rectum. It extracts moisture from food residues, which are later excreted as faeces
Lipases any of a class of enzymes that break down fats, produced by the liver, pancreas, and other digestive organs or by certain plants.
Liver Anatomy . a large, reddish-brown, glandular organ located in the upper right side of the abdominal cavity, divided by fissures into five lobes and functioning in the secretion of bile and various metabolic processes.
Mechanical DigestiĆ³n pertaining to the design, use, understanding, etc., of tools and machinery: the mechanical trades; mechanical ability.
Mucus a viscous, slimy mixture of mucins, water, electrolytes, epithelial cells, and leukocytes that is secreted by glands lining the nasal, esophageal, and other body cavities and serves primarily to protect and lubricate surfaces
Oral cavity The part of the mouth behind the teeth and gums that is bounded above by the hard and soft palates and below by the tongue and the mucous membrane connecting it with the inner part of the mandible.
Pancreas a gland, situated near the stomach, that secretes a digestive fluid into the intestine through one or more ducts and also secretes the hormone insulin.
Pepsin an enzyme, produced in the stomach, that in the presence of hydrochloric acid splits proteins into proteoses and peptones.
Peristalsis the progressive wave of contraction and relaxation of a tubular muscular system, especially the alimentary canal, by which the contents are forced through the system.
Ptyalin an enzyme in the saliva that converts starch into dextrin and maltose.
Rectum the comparatively straight, terminal section of the intestine, ending in the anus.
Rennin a coagulating enzyme occurring in the gastric juice of the calf, forming the active principle of rennet and able to curdle milk.
Saliva a viscid, watery fluid, secreted into the mouth by the salivary glands, that functions in the tasting, chewing, and swallowing of food, moistens the mouth, and starts the digestion of starches.
Salivary glands any of several glands, as the submaxillary glands, that secrete saliva.
Small intestine the longest part of the alimentary canal, consisting of the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum, in which digestion is completed
Stomach a saclike enlargement of the alimentary canal, as in humans and certain animals, forming an organ for storing, diluting, and digesting food.
Ulcer Pathology . a sore on the skin or a mucous membrane, accompanied by the disintegration of tissue, the formation of pus, etc.
Villi Anatomy , Zoology . one of the minute, wormlike processes on certain membranes, especially on the mucous membrane of the small intestine, where they serve in absorbing nutriment.
Created by: Luis75348