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nutrition

vocab

TermDefinition
Alimentary canal the whole passage along which food passes through the body from mouth to anus. It includes the esophagus, stomach, and intestines.
Anus the opening at the end of the alimentary canal through which solid waste matter leaves the body
Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix, a finger-shaped pouch that projects from your colon on the lower right side of your abdomen.
Appendix is just a useless remnant from our evolutionary past
Bile a bitter greenish-brown alkaline fluid that aids digestion and is secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder.
Chemical digestion involve breaking down the food into simpler nutrients that can be used by the cells.
Chyme he pulpy acidic fluid that passes from the stomach to the small intestine, consisting of gastric juices and partly digested food
Colon the number of the chapter and verse respectively in biblical references.
Constipation is infrequent bowel movements or difficult passage of stools that persists for several weeks or longer.
Diarrhea a condition in which feces are discharged from the bowels frequently and in a liquid form.
Esophagus the part of the alimentary canal that connects the throat to the stomach; the gullet. In humans and other vertebrates it is a muscular tube lined with mucous membrane.
Feces waste matter discharged from the bowels after food has been digested; excrement.
Gall bladder is a small hollow organ where bile is stored and concentrated before it is released into the small intestine.
Gastric juice a thin, clear, virtually colorless acidic fluid secreted by the stomach glands and active in promoting digestion.
Hydrochloric acid is a strong corrosive acid that is commonly used as a laboratory reagent.
Large intestine the cecum, colon, and rectum collectively.
Lipases is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of fats.
Liver is an accessory digestive gland that produces bile, an alkaline compound which helps the breakdown of fat. Bile aids in digestion via the emulsification of lipids
Mechanical digestion involves physically breaking the food into smaller pieces.
Mucus a slimy substance, typically not miscible with water, secreted by mucous membranes and glands for lubrication, protection, etc.
Oral cavity is bounded above by the hard and soft palates and below by the tongue and by the mucous membrane connecting it with the inner part of the mandible.
Pancreas is a mixed gland, having both an endocrine and an exocrine function. As an endocrine gland, it secretes into the blood several important hormones, including insulin, glucagon, somatostatin, and pancreatic polypeptide.
Pepsin the chief digestive enzyme in the stomach, which breaks down proteins into polypeptides.
Peristalsis the involuntary constriction and relaxation of the muscles of the intestine or another canal, creating wavelike movements that push the contents of the canal forward.
Ptyalin a form of amylase found in the saliva of humans and some other animals.
Rectum the final section of the large intestine, terminating at the anus.
Rennin an enzyme secreted into the stomach of unweaned mammals, and in some lower animals and plants, causing the curdling of milk.
Saliva watery liquid secreted into the mouth by glands, providing lubrication for chewing and swallowing, and aiding digestion.
Salivary glands n mammals are exocrine glands that produce saliva through a system of ducts.
Small intestine the part of the intestine that runs between the stomach and the large intestine; the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum collectively.
Stomach the internal organ in which the major part of the digestion of food occurs, being (in humans and many mammals) a pear-shaped enlargement of the alimentary canal linking the esophagus to the small intestine.
Ulcer an open sore on an external or internal surface of the body, caused by a break in the skin or mucous membrane that fails to heal.
Villi an open sore on an external or internal surface of the body, caused by a break in the skin or mucous membrane that fails to heal.
Created by: lesleygutierrez