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Biochemestry

vocabulary

TermDefinition
Biochemistry relating to the chemical processes and substances which occur within living organisms.
Element each of more than one hundred substances that cannot be chemically interconverted or broken down into simpler substances and are primary constituents of matter
Compound a thing that is composed of two or more separate elements; a mixture.
Organic compounds An organic compound is any member of a large class of gaseous, liquid, or solid chemical compounds whose molecules contain carbon.
Inorganic compounds: An inorganic compound is any compound that lacks a carbon atom, for lack of a more in-depth definition.
Carbohydrates Any of a large group of organic compounds occurring in foods and living tissues and including sugars, starch, and cellulose.
Lipids Any of a class of organic compounds that are fatty acids or their derivatives and are insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents.
Proteins Large molecules composed of one or more chains of amino acids in a specific order determined by the base sequence of nucleotides in the DNA coding for the protein.
Enzymes A substance produced by a living organism that acts as a catalyst to bring about a specific biochemical reaction.
Nucleic acids A complex organic substance present in living cells, especially DNA or RNA, whose molecules consist of many nucleotides linked in a long chain.
Hydrolysis The chemical breakdown of a compound due to reaction with water.
Synthesis The production of chemical compounds by reaction from simpler materials.
pH A figure expressing the acidity or alkalinity of a solution on a logarithmic scale on which 7 is neutral, lower values are more acid, and higher values more alkaline.
Created by: Salamanca