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digestive

vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
imentary canal the whole passage along which food passes through the body from mouth to anus. It includes the esophagus, stomach, and intestines.
a·nus the opening at the end of the alimentary canal through which solid waste matter leaves the body.
appendicitis a serious medical condition in which the appendix becomes inflamed and painful.
ap·pen·dix a tube-shaped sac attached to and opening into the lower end of the large intestine in humans and some other mammals.
bile a bitter greenish-brown alkaline fluid that aids digestion and is secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder.
chemical digestion the process in the alimentary canal by which food is broken up physically, as by the action of the teeth, and chemically, as by the action of enzymes, and converted into a substance suitable for absorption and assimilation into the body.
rhyme correspondence of sound between words or the endings of words, especially when these are used at the ends of lines of poetry.
colon a colon used in various technical and formulaic contexts, for example a statement of proportion between two numbers, or to separate hours from minutes (and minutes from seconds) in a numerical statement of time.
constipation a condition in which there is difficulty in emptying the bowels, usually associated with hardened feces
diarrhea a condition in which feces are discharged from the bowels frequently and in a liquid form.
esophagus the part of the alimentary canal that connects the throat to the stomach; the gullet. In humans and other vertebrates it is a muscular tube lined with mucous membrane.
feces waste matter discharged from the bowels after food has been digested; excrement.
gall bladder the small sac-shaped organ beneath the liver, in which bile is stored after secretion by the liver and before release into the intestine.
gastic juice a thin, clear, virtually colorless acidic fluid secreted by the stomach glands and active in promoting digestion.
hydrochloric : an aqueous solution of hydrogen chloride HCl that is a strong corrosive irritating acid, is normally present in dilute form in gastric juice, and is widely used in industry and in the laboratory.
large intestine the cecum, colon, and rectum collectively.
lipases Medical Definition of lipase. : an enzyme (as one secreted by the pancreas) that catalyzes the breakdown of fats and lipoproteins usually into fatty acids and glycerol.
liver a large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates, involved in many metabolic processes.
mechanical digestion Mechanical digestion is the physical act of breaking down the food by non-chemical means
mucus a slimy substance, typically not miscible with water, secreted by mucous membranes and glands for lubrication, protection, etc.
oral cavity : the cavity of the mouth especially : the part of the mouth behind the gums and teeth that is bounded above by the hard and soft palates and below by the tongue and by the mucous membrane connecting it with the inner part of the mandible.
pancreas a large gland behind the stomach that secretes digestive enzymes into the duodenum. Embedded in the pancreas are the islets of Langerhans, which secrete into the blood the hormones insulin and glucagon.
pepsin the chief digestive enzyme in the stomach, which breaks down proteins into polypeptides.
peristalsis the involuntary constriction and relaxation of the muscles of the intestine or another canal, creating wavelike movements that push the contents of the canal forward.
pytyalin a form of amylase found in the saliva of humans and some other animals.
rectum the final section of the large intestine, terminating at the anus.
rennin an enzyme secreted into the stomach of unweaned mammals, and in some lower animals and plants, causing the curdling of milk.
saliva watery liquid secreted into the mouth by glands, providing lubrication for chewing and swallowing, and aiding digestion.
salivary glands any of various glands that discharge a fluid secretion and especially saliva into the mouth cavity and that in humans
small intestine the part of the intestine that runs between the stomach and the large intestine; the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum collectively.
stomach the internal organ in which the major part of the digestion of food occurs, being (in humans and many mammals) a pear-shaped enlargement of the alimentary canal linking the esophagus to the small intestine
ulcer an open sore on an external or internal surface of the body, caused by a break in the skin or mucous membrane that fails to heal.
villi any of numerous minute elongated projections set closely together on a surface, typically increasing its surface area for the absorption of substances, in particular.
Created by: jimmy.12