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ForceMotionEnergy

Force, Motion, Energy

TermDefinition
Acceleration change in an object’s motion (position, direction, speed)
Average Speed the total distance traveled by an object over a total amount of time
Balanced Force equal and opposite forces on an object that result in no change in position, direction, or motion
Constant Speed when an object’s speed remains unchanged
Displacement how far an object has moved from its original position
Kinetic Energy energy of motion
Potential Energy stored energy of an object because of its position or shape
Unbalanced Force unequal forces on an object that may result in a change in position, direction, or motion
Acceleration caused by unbalanced forces
Displacement the difference between the final and initial positions
Chemical Energy energy stored in the bonds of atoms and molecules of substances
Elastic Energy stored in objects by force
Electrical Energy movement of electrons
Energy the ability to cause change or do work
Energy Conservation management of the use of energy resources
Energy Resources natural resources that can be used as a source of energy to do work
Energy Transformations process of energy changing from one form to another
Law of Conservation of Energy states that energy is neither created or destroyed; it only changes form (transforms)
LIght Energy energy from light waves
Mechanical Energy movement of objects or substances from one place to another
Nonrenewable natural resources that cannot be replaced once depleted
Radiation the transfer of energy from a light source to an object or substance
Renewable natural resources that can be replaced by nature
Sound Energy movement of waves through a substance or object caused by vibrations
Thermal Energy a form of kinetic energy resulting from the motion of particles that is transferred as heat
Conduction the transfer of heat energy by direct contact
Convection the movement caused within a fluid by the tendency of hotter material to rise, and colder, denser material to sink creating a current
Transform changing from one form to another (e.g., energy transformation)
Chemical Energy food, biomass, petroleum, natural gas, and propane
Elastic Energy stretched rubber band or balloon
Electrical Energy electrons moving through wires is electricity; lightning
LIght Energy electromagnetic waves like solar and light bulbs
Nonrenewable oil, coal, natural gas, nuclear
Radiation Heat transfer from the Sun, fire, light bulb, or burner to an object or substance
Renewable Solar, hydropower, wind, and biomass
Thermal Energy associated with the temperature of substances
Created by: kevinmachuca