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Hiyaku Voc L8

Hiyaku Lesson 8 Vocab

▲幕末 ばくまつ in the last days of the Tokugawa shogunate
▲維新 いしん =明治維新 the Meiji Restoration
▲志士 しし the loyalists in the last days of the Tokugawa shogunate
▲徳川幕府 とくがわばくふ the Tokugawa shogunate
近代化 きんだいか modernization
築く きずく to build
かけぬける to run through
▲視野 しや the range of vision
人物 じんぶつ a person
▲藩 はん a clan
武士 ぶし a samurai
▲町人 ちょうにん a merchant and/or a craftsman
▲農民 のうみん a farmer
▲次男 じなん one’s second son
泣き虫 なきむし a crybaby
学問 がくもん learning; study
苦手(な) にがて(な) to be poor at
▲剣術 けんじゅつ swordsmanship
はげむ to work hard; to strive
江戸 えど Edo, the capital of Japan during the Tokugawa period
▲(腕を)みがく (うでを)みがく to improve one's skill
▲黒船 くろふね the Black Ships; Western ships that came to Japan at the end of the Edo period
開国 かいこく opening a country to foreign trade and diplomatic relations
▲せまる to press; to urge
大さわぎ おおさわぎ a great uproar
治める おさめる to rule; to govern
何とかする なんとかする to do something about
自由 じゆう freedom
属する ぞくする to belong to
思い通りに おもいどおりに just as one wanted
行動する こうどうする to act; to behave
▲脱藩 だっぱん leaving a clan
▲担う になう to become leaders
若者 わかもの young people
▲役人 やくにん a government official
進んだ〜 すすんだ〜 advanced
知識 ちしき knowledge
技術 ぎじゅつ technology
▲航海術 こうかいじゅつ navigation
武器 ぶき arms; a weapon
貿易 ぼうえき trade; export and import business
(〜を)問わず (〜を)とわず regardless of
海軍 かいぐん the navy
ますます more and more
弱まる よわまる to weaken
倒す たおす to overthrow
動き うごき a movement
高まる たかまる to increase
両〜 りょう〜 both ~
権力争い けんりょくあらそい a struggle for power
▲手を結ぶ てをむすぶ to join hands with
ついに at last
▲同盟 どうめい an alliance
実現する じつげんする to realize
方向 ほうこう direction
▲項目 こうもく a clause; an item
政府 せいふ the government
基本的(な) きほんてき(な) fundamental
▲方針 ほうしん a policy
争い あらそい a conflict; a battle
避ける さける to avoid
天皇 てんのう an emperor
▲政権 せいけん political power
▲将軍 しょうぐん a shogun
すすめる to advise someone to do
活躍する かつやくする to take an active part
望む のぞむ to desire
▲かけめぐる to travel around
暗殺する あんさつする to assassinate
倒れる たおれる to collapse
残す のこす to leave something behind