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Personality d/o

3 problem areas for PD Cognition or thought processes skewed, intensity, lability, and appropriateness of the emotional response is different (more/less extreme), Problems w/ interpersonal functioning, impulse control.
Occur in _____% of the population 10-20
About __% of psychiatric patients have a PD comorbid to other disorders 50%
PD is a __________ factor to other disorders predisposing
Personality Disorders *(Cluster A) Eccentric and odd behavior Paranoid PD Pervasive distrust/suspiciousness of othersSchizoid PD Detachment from social relationships &restricted range of emotional expressionSchizotypal PD Social deficits, magical thinking, eccentricities.
Personality Disorders (Cluster B) Narcissistic PD Grandiosity, need for admiration, lack of empathyHistrionic PD Excessive emotionality & attention seeking
Personality disorders (Cluster C) Anxious or fearful behaviorDependent PD submissive & clinging behavior, fear of separation Obsessive-compulsive PD Preoccupied w/orderliness, perfectionism w/ridged control. Fearful Avoidant PD Pervasive pattern of social inhibition, feels inadequate
Paranoid PD 4 or more : 1. suspects w/o evidence 2. Preoccupied w/unjustified doubts about loyalty 3. reluctant to confide 4. Reads hidden demeaning meanings 5.grudges 6. Perceives attacks on character, quick to react angrily 7. suspicions regarding fidelity
Schizoid PD does not desire/enjoy close relationships/activities, Little interest in sexual relationship. No close friends other than 1st degree relatives, indifferent to criticism of others; emotional coldness, detached or flattened affect
Schizotypal PD incapacity relationships, distortions, eccentric- need 5:Ideas reference, Odd beliefs, magical thinking, (superstitiousness, clairvoyance, bizarre fantasies); perceptual (bodily illusions); odd thinking/speech; behavior/ appearance is peculiar, paranoid
Histrionic PD attention seeking beginning, need to be center of attention, inappropriate sexually, shallow emotions, speech lacking in detail, theatrical, relationships more intimate than they actually are
Dependent PD submissive & clinging behavior, and fear of separation, difficulty making decisions, no self-confidence in ability to start or complete projects independently; will urgently seek another relationship when one ends.
Dependent PD May look for ways to fuse themselves with the identity of the other person –sometimes leads to the experience of folie a deux ( madness between two) a shared delusional belief between 2 persons
OCD PD - perfectionism w/focus on orderliness, preoccupied w/rules/rituals, have genuine care for others but no idea how their rigid behaviors affect others, fear imminent catastrophe
Avoidant PD extreme sensitivity to rejection & avoidance of interpersonal situations- timid temperament in infancy, poor self confidence,prone to misinterpreting feedback
Antisocial PD- cluster B Usually begins by age 15-Failure to conform to social norms with respect to lawful behaviors, arrests, Deceitfulness- repeatedly lying, aliases, conning others, Impulsivity, Irritability or aggressiveness-Reckless, Lack of remorse
Borderline PD- cluster B 5 of the following:avoid real or imagined abandonment, intense/unstable relationships, idealization and devaluation, unstable self-image. Impulsivity in 2-spending, sex, substance abuse, binge eating, reckless driving, Recurrent SI, mutilating, emptiness
Causes most problems in cluster B antisocial and borderline
Personality d/o tx dialectical behavioral therapy
Obsessive-compulsive PD- Preoccupied with orderliness, perfectionism with ridged control. Fearful.
Avoidant PD Pervasive pattern of social inhibition, feels inadequate,
Genetic theories r/t personality d/o temperament, individual perception, & environment.
Neurobiological theory & personality d/o that certain neurotransmitters can influence the development of personality
Learning theory and personality d/o maladaptive responses based on modeling/reinforcement of observed behaviors/
Cognitive theory and personality d/o emphasizes the role of beliefs and responses in creating emotional and behavioral responses
Psychoanalytic theory and personality d/o focus is on primitive use of defense mechanisms by individuals with personality disorders.
Environmental factors and personality d/o Other factors from outside the family that influence personality development.
Diathesis-stress model- stresses and personality d/o genetic and biological vulnerabilities that includes individual temperaments and how they respond to stress (immediate influences on personality development)
Assessment of PD Semi-structured interview preferred- Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) to evaluate personality
Created by: arsho453