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Biochemistry

Biochemistry Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Biochemistry the branch of science concerned with the chemical and physicochemical processes that occur within living organisms.
Element a part or aspect of something abstract, especially one that is essential or characteristic.
Compound a thing that is composed of two or more separate elements; a mixture.
Organic compounds , an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon. Due to carbon's ability to catenate, millions of organic compounds are known
Inorganic compounds Inorganic compounds can be defined as any compound that is not organic compound. Some simple compounds that contain carbon are often considered inorganic.
Carbohydrates any of a large group of organic compounds occurring in foods and living tissues and including sugars, starch, and cellulose. They contain hydrogen and oxygen in the same ratio as water (2:1) and typically can be broken down to release energy in the animal
Lipids any of a class of organic compounds that are fatty acids or their derivatives and are insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents. They include many natural oils, waxes, and steroids.
Proteins any of a class of nitrogenous organic compounds that consist of large molecules composed of one or more long chains of amino acids and are an essential part of all living organisms, especially as structural components of body tissues such as muscle, hair,
Enzymes a substance produced by a living organism that acts as a catalyst to bring about a specific biochemical reaction.
Nucleic acids a complex organic substance present in living cells, especially DNA or RNA, whose molecules consist of many nucleotides linked in a long chain.
Hydrolysis the chemical breakdown of a compound due to reaction with water.
Synthesis the combination of ideas to form a theory or system
pH a figure expressing the acidity or alkalinity of a solution on a logarithmic scale on which 7 is neutral, lower values are more acid, and higher values more alkaline. The pH is equal to -log10 c, where c is the hydrogen ion concentration in moles per lite
Created by: jimmy.12