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Biochemistry

Biochemistry vocabulary

TermDefinition
Biochemistry the organic chemistry of compounds and processes occurring in organisms; the effort to understand biology within the context of chemistry.
Element composed of atoms that have the same atomic number, that is, each atom has the same number of protons in its nucleus as all other atoms.
Compound a substance formed when two or more chemical elements are chemically bonded together.
Organic compounds one or more atoms of carbon are contently linked to atoms of other elements, most commonly hydrogen, oxygen, or nitrogen.
Inorganic compounds Some simple compounds that contain carbon are often considered inorganic.
Carbohydrates are one of the fundamental classes of macro-molecules found in biology.
Lipids Biological molecules that are insoluble in aqueous solution and soluble in organic solvents are classified as lipids.
Proteins Proteins are biochemical compounds consisting of one or more polypeptides typically folded into a globular or fibrous form in a biologically functional way.
Enzymes as a macro-molecule that catalyzes a biochemical reaction. I
Nucleic acids are the bio-polymers, or small bio molecules, essential to all known forms of life. The term nucleic acid is the overall name for DNA and RNA
Hydrolysis is a reaction involving the breaking of a bond in a molecule using water.
Synthesis pertains to the creation of something.
pH pH is a measure of hydrogen ion concentration, a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution.
Created by: Mario50