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Digestive System

Med Term - Digestive System Word Parts

an/o anus (sphincter muscle at end of digestive tract)
abdomin/o abdomen; abdominal cavity
celi/o abdomen; abdominal cavity
lapar/o abdomen; abdominal cavity
antr/o antrum (lower part of the stomach)
append/o appendix (small pouch attached to cecum which has no function)
appendic/o appendix (small pouch attached to cecum which has no function)
cec/o cecum (first portion of the large intestine)
cheil/o lip
chol/e gall; bile
cholangi/o bile duct
choledoch/o common bile duct
col/o colon (largest part of large intestine, has 4 parts)
colon/o colon (largest part of large intestine, has 4 parts)
diverticul/o diverticulum; blind pouch extending from a hollow organ
duoden/o duodenum (first portion of the small intestine)
enter/o intestine (small)
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
gingiv/o gum
gloss/o tongue
lingu/o tongue
hepat/o liver
herni/o hernia; protrusion of an organ through a membrane or cavity wall
ile/o ileum (last portion of the small intestine)
jejun/o jejunum (second portion of the small intestine
or/o mouth
stomat/o mouth
palat/o palate (roof of the mouth)
pancreat/o pancreas
peritone/o peritoneum (lining of abdominal & pelvic cavities)
polyp/o polyp; small growth
proct/o rectum
rect/o rectum
pylor/o pylorus; pyloric sphincter (ring of muscles between stomach and duodenum)
sial/o saliva; salivary gland
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon (s-shaped portion of large intestine before the rectum)
steat/o fat
uvul/o uvula (structure that extends from the soft palate that directs food down the throat)
hemi- half
-pepsia digestion
-itis inflammation
-oma tumor; swelling
-iasis condition
-osis abnormal condition
-cele hernia; protrusion
-lith stone
-centesis surgical puncture to aspirate fluid
-plasty surgical repair
-ectomy excision; surgical removal
-tomy incision; cut into
-rrhaphy suturing; repairing
-stomy creation of an artificial opening
-gram record; radiographic image
-graphy process of recording; radiographic imaging
-scope instrument used for visual examination
-scopy visual examination
-al pertaining to
-phagia eating; swallowing
-ac pertaining to
-pathy disease
-ic pertaining to
-logist one who studies and treats
-logy study of
-malacia softening
-megaly enlargement
-rrhea flow; discharge
pharyng/o pharynx (throat)
Created by: Kilby-YTI