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Cardio Terms

Terms for the Cardio System (Ibrahim Dahir, Mostafa Maher, & Mark Spurr)

TermDefinition
Carinii Pneumonia "Pneumonia caused by a common worldwide parasite to which most people have a natural immunity" (Med Terms, pg. 169)
Sarcoma "A malignant neoplasm of the connective and supportive tissues of the body" (Med Terms, pg. 198)
Sarcoidosis "A systemic inflammatory disease characterized by small rounded lesions forming on the spleen lymph nodes and other organs." (Med Terms, pg. 198)
TIA (Transient Ischemic Attack) "Brief interruption of circulation to a portion of the brain owing to a vascular spasm, causing temporary loss of function, a precursor to CVA" (Med Terms, pg. 192)
SA (Sinatrial Node) "Atypical muscle fibers of the superior vena cava and right atrium, it originates the cardiac rhythm and is therefore called pacemaker of the heart" (Med Terms, pg. 188)
Hemostasis “ stoppage or sluggishness of blood flow” (Source: Merriam-Webster Dictionary online)
Hemostat “an instrument for compressing a bleeding vessel” (Source: Merriam-Webster Dictionary online)
Hypoxemia “deficient oxygenation of the blood” (Source: Merriam-Webster Dictionary online)
Hematosalpnix “accumulation of blood in a fallopian tube” (Source: Merriam-Webster Dictionary online)
Diaphoresis “profuse perspiration” (Med Terms, pg. 302)
Palpate “applications of hands and fingers to external surfaces to detect abnormalities” (Med Terms, pg. 302)
Ischemia “deficiency of blood in a part; caused by spasm of blood vessel, temporarily reducing blood flow” (Med Terms, pg. 192)
Superior Vena Cava It is considered the largest vein in the body. “the venous trunk draining blood from head, neck, upper limbs, and thorax” (Med Terms, pg. 189)
Inferior Vena Cava It is considered the largest vein in the body. “the venous trunk from the lower viscera” (Med Terms, pg. 189)
Left Pulmonary Artery “an arterial trunk or either of its two main branches that carry venous blood to the lungs” (Source: Merriam-Webster Dictionary online)
Hepatic Portal Vein “a portal vein carrying blood from the digestive organs and spleen to the liver where the nutrients carried by the blood are altered by hepatocytes before passing into the systemic circulation” (Source: Merriam-Webster Dictionary online)
Hepatic Vein hepatic portal vein away from the liver and that in humans are usually three in number and open into the inferior vena cava” (Source: Merriam-Webster Dictionary online)
Pulmonary Vein "a valveless vein that returns oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart" (Source: Merriam-Webster Dictionary online)
Bicuspid Valve "Mitral Valve" (Source: Merriam-Webster Dictionary online)
Pericardium “the fibroserous sac enclosing the heart” (Med Terms, pg. 188)
Endocardium “lining membrane of the heart’s cavities” (Med Terms, pg.188)
Epicardium “the visceral pericardium” (Med Terms, pg. 188)
Atrioventricular Node "Purkinje fibres beneath the endocardium of the right atrium in the septum" (Med Terms, pg. 188)
Sphygmomanometer "An instrument for measuring arterial blood pressure" (Med Terms, pg. 190)
Coarctation "Stricture or narrowing of a vessel" (Med Terms, pg. 191)
Thromobophlebitis "Inflammation of a vein associated with thrombus formation" (Med Terms, pg. 192)
Varicose veins "A dilated, tortuous vein, usually in the leg, caused by a defective venous valve " (Med Terms, pg. 192)
Auscultation "The act of listening for sounds within the body, chiefly to ascertain the condition of thoracic or abdominal viscera"(Med Terms, pg. 193)
Doppler "A device for measuring blood flow that transmits and reflects sound waves" (Med Terms, pg. 194)
Exercise Stress Test "Test ussed to asses cardiac function of the patient under physical stress ie. treadmill, stationary bike, climbing stairs" (Med Terms, pg. 194)
Sinus Rhythm "The normal heart rhythm originating in the SA node " (Med Terms, pg. 195)
Thallium Stress Test "Thallium injections given intravenously during stress test to determine whether changes to coronary blood flow " (Med Terms, pg. 195)
CVA "A stroke: a sudden and acute brain lesion " (Med Terms, pg. 192)
DVT "Deep Vein Thrombosis: a blood clot forms in a deep vein of the body" (Mayo Clinic Online)
MI "Myocardial Infarction: gross necrosis of the myocardium, caused by decreased blood supply to the area" (Med Terms, pg. 192)
Created by: MED TERMS