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Biochemistry

Biochemistry Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Biochemistry is the branch of science concerned with the chemical and physicochemical processes that occur within living organisms.
Element is a substance that is made entirely from one type of atom.
compound is a substance formed when two or more chemical elements are chemically bonded together.
organic compound are compounds that contain both carbon and hydrogen.
inorganic compound compound that no contain both carbon and hydrogen
carbohydrates are the main source of energy for cell activities
lipids is of a class of organic compounds that are fatty acids or their derivatives and are insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents
proteins are large organic compounds made of amino acids arranged in a linear chain and joined together
Enzyme are biological molecules (typically proteins) that significantly speed up the rate of virtually all
nucleic acid is a group of complex compounds found in all living cells and viruses, composed of purines, pyrimidines, carbohydrates, and phosphoric
Hydrolysis The reaction of water with another chemical compound to form two or more products
synthesis is composition or combination of parts or elements so as to form a whole
PH A measure of acidity or alkalinity of water soluble substances
Created by: esmerald
 

 



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