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Biochemistry

Biochemistry Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Biochemistry the branch of science concerned with the chemical and physicochemical processes that occur within living organisms.
Element a part or aspect of something abstract, especially one that is essential or characteristic.
Compound a thing that is composed of two or more separate elements; a mixture.
Organic compounds any of a large class of chemical compounds in which one or more atoms of carbon are covalently linked to atoms of other elements, most commonly hydrogen, oxygen, or nitrogen.
Inorganic compounds can be defined as any compound that is not organic compound. Some simple compounds that contain carbon are often considered inorganic.
Carbohydrates any of a large group of organic compounds occurring in foods and living tissues and including sugars, starch, and cellulose.
Lipids any of a group of organic compounds that are greasy to the touch, insoluble in water, and soluble in alcohol and ether.
Protein any of a class of nitrogenous organic compounds that consist of large molecules composed of one or more long chains of amino acids and are an essential part of all living organisms
enzymes a substance produced by a living organism that acts as a catalyst to bring about a specific biochemical reaction.
Nucleic acids a complex organic substance present in living cells, especially DNA or RNA, whose molecules consist of many nucleotides linked in a long chain.
Hydrolysis the chemical breakdown of a compound due to reaction with water.
Synthesis the production of chemical compounds by reaction from simpler materials
Created by: Henry Hernandez
 

 



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