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Biochemistry

Biochemistry vocabulary

TermDefinition
Biochemistry the branch of science concerned with the chemical and physicochemical processes and substances that occur within living organisms.
Element a part or aspect of something abstract, especially one that is essential or characteristic.
Compound a thing that is composed of two or more separate elements; a mixture.
Organic compounds are a type chemical compounds where one or more than one carbon covalently bonded with each other and with other atom like nitrogen, oxygen, halogen etc. Such as, methane (CH4), ethane (C2H6), benzene (C6H6) etc
Inorganic compounds Any compound lacking carbon atoms, or when present is ionically bound to other atoms. A very common example of inorganic compound is water.
Carbohydrates any of a large group of organic compounds occurring in foods and living tissues and including sugars, starch, and cellulose.
Lipids include fats and oils . fats are lipids that are solid at room temperature , oils are lipids that are liquid at room temperature . in living organisms , liquids form part of the structure of cell membranes .
Proteins many different kinds of structures in living things are composed of proteins . they form important cell products such as enzymes , many hormones antibodies , and hemoglobin .
Enzymes a substance produced by a living organism which acts as a catalyst to bring about a specific biochemical reaction.
Nucleic acids a complex organic substance present in living cells, especially DNA or RNA, whose molecules consist of many nucleotides linked in a long chain.
Hydrolysis the chemical breakdown of a compound due to reaction with water.
Synthesis the combination of ideas to form a theory or system.Often contrasted with analysis.
pH a figure expressing the acidity or alkalinity of a solution on a logarithmic scale on which 7 is neutral, lower values are more acid and higher values more alkaline. The pH is equal to −log10c, where c is the hydrogen ion concentration in moles per liter
Atom atoms as a source of nuclear energy.
Created by: Darleneb