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EMT Terms Ch. 15

Altered Mental Status and Diabetic Emergencies

QuestionAnswer
Altered mental status a condition in which the patent displays a change in his normal mental state ranging from disorientation to complete unresponsiveness.
Diabetes Mellitus a disease in which the normal relationship between glucose and insulin is altered.
Glucagon a hormone secreted by the pancreas that raises the glood glucose level by stimulating the live to convert stored glycogen and other substances into glucose.
Glucose a form of sugar that is the body's basic source of energy
Hyperglycemia high blood sugar. A blood glucose level greater that 120 mg/dl.
Hypoglycemia low blood sugar. A blood glucose level of 60 mg/dl with or without signs or symptoms of hypoglycemia.
Insulin a hormone secreted by the pancreas that lowers the blood glucose level by promoting the movement of glucose from the blood into the cells.
Oral Glucose a form of sugar often given as a gel, by mouth, to raise the blood sugar level.
Oral Hypoglycemic Drugs medications that lower blood glucose levels by stimulation insulin secretion by the pancreas and promoting an increase in the number of insulin receptors on the cells or by reducing the amount of sugar absorbed into the blood from the small intestines.
Created by: saunterdog