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Biochemistry

Biochemistry Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Biochemistry the branch of science concerned with the chemical and physicochemical processes that occur within living organisms.
Element a part or aspect of something abstract, especially one that is essential or characteristic.
Compound a thing that is composed of two or more separate elements; a mixture.
Organic compounds are compounds that contain both carbon and hydrogen.
Inorganic compounds Compounds that do not contain both carbon and hydrogen.
Carbohydrates are made up of the elements carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen.
Lipids include fats and oils. Lipids, like carbohydrates, contain the elements carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
Proteins are made up of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen. Some proteins also contain sulfur.
Enzymes are proteins that act as catalysts in living cells.
Nucleic acids a complex organic substance present in living cells, especially DNA or RNA, whose molecules consist of many nucleotides linked in a long chain.
Hydrolysis the chemical breakdown of a compound due to reaction with water.
Synthesis the combination of ideas to form a theory or system.
pH a figure expressing the acidity or alkalinity of a solution on a logarithmic scale on which 7 is neutral, lower values are more acid, and higher values more alkaline.
Created by: Thaiili Garcia