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Biochemistry

Biochemistry Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Biochemistry the branch of science concerned with the chemical and physicochemical processes that occur within living organisms.
Element A substance that cannot be decomposed into simpler substances by chemical means, and is made up of atoms all with identical number of protons.
Compound A material made up of two or more parts or elements
Organic compounds An organic compound always contains carbon.
Inorganic compounds Inorganic compounds can be defined as any compound that is not organic compound. Some simple compounds that contain carbon are often considered inorganic.
Carbohydrates are molecular compounds made from just three elements: carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
Lipids A lipid is an organic molecule of biological origin that is insoluble in water and soluble in non-polar solvents.
Proteins A molecule composed of polymers of amino acids joined together by peptide bonds.
Enzymes Catalysts which speed up chemical reactions, but remain unchanged themselves. Substrate. the substance which an enzyme works on.
Nucleic acids consist of either one or two long chains of repeating units called nucleotide, which consist of a nitrogen base (a purine or pyrimidine) attached to a sugar phosphate.
Hydrolysis A chemical reaction in which water is used to break down a compound.
Synthesis The production of an organic compound in a living thing, especially as aided by enzymes.
pH pH is a measure of the hydrogen ion concentration of a solution. Solutions with a high concentration of hydrogen ions have a low pH and solutions with a low concentrations of H+ ions have a high pH.
Created by: Steven5647