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biochemistry

TermDefinition
Organic compound; compounds that contain both carbon and hydrogen.
Inorganic compound; compounds that don’t contain both carbon,and hydrogen.
Carbohydrate(s); molecule composed of carbon,hydrogen, and oxygen; includes sugars and starches.
Protein(s); polymer composed of of animo acids linked by peptide bonds; folds into a particular structure depending on bonds between amino acids.
Lipid(s); nonpolar molecule composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen; includes fats and oils.
enzyme ; protein that catalyses chemical raction in organism.
Amino acid(s); molecule that makes up proteins; composed of carbon,hydrogen, nitrogen, and sometimes sulfur.
Simple sugars a sugar that doesn’t hydrolyse to give other sugars; the simplest group of carbohydrates.( building blocks of carbohydrates)
Disaccharide; any of a variety of carbohydrates that yield two monosaccharide molecules on complete hydrolysis
Ribonucleic acid; a nucleic acid present in all living cells. The role is to act as a messenger carrying out instructions from DNA for controlling the synthesis of protein.
Deoxyribonucleic acid; DNA made up of molecules called nucleotides.
Polysaccharide; a carbohydrate whose molecule consist of a number of sugar molecules bonded together.
Glycogen a substance deposited in bodily tissues as a store of carbohydrates. Is a polysaccharide that forms glucose on hydrolysis
Peptide; a compound consisting of two or more animo acids linked in a chain.
Catalyst; substance that decreases activation energy and increases reaction rate in chemical reaction
Denature; destroy the characteristiccs properties of (a protein or other biological macromolecule) by heat, acidity, affects that disrupt its molecular conformation.
Hydrolysis; the chemical breakdown of a compound due to the reaction with water.
Dehydration synthesis; type of chemical reaction, is the process of joining two molecules, or compounds, together following the removal of water.
Substrate(s); the material or substance on which an enzyme acts.
Nucleotide(s); nucletides form the basic structural unit of nucleic acids such as DNA, it consists of a nucleoside linked to a phosphate group.( building blocks of nucleic acids)
Fatty acids and glycerol; building blocks of lipids.
Dipeptide; refers to two amino acids together
Coenzyme; are part of some enzymes that help with the body’s chemical processes
Macromolecules a molecule containing a very large number if atoms, such as a protein, nucleic acid, or synthetic polymer.
Created by: 1008562