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EMT Chapter Terms

Terms from "Prehospital Emergency Care" Ch. 13

Apnea absence of breathing; respiratory arrest.
Bronchoconstriction constriction of the smooth muscle of the bronchi and bronchioles causing a narrowing of the air passageway.
Bronchodilatior a drug that relaxes the smooth muscle of the bronchi and bronchioles and reverses bronchoconstriction
Bronchospasm spasm or constriction of the smooth muscle of the bronchi and bronchioles.
Dyspnea shortness of breath or perceived difficulty in breathing
Grunting a sound heard in infants during exhalation when suffering from a respiratory problem that caused collapsed lungs
Hypercarbia increased carbon dioxide levels in the blood. Also called hypercapnia.
Hypoxia the absence of sufficient oxygen in the body cells.
Metered-Dose Inhaler (MDI) device consisting of a plastic container and a canister of medication that is used to inhale an aerosolized medication.
Pulsus Paradoxus a drop in blood pressure of more than 10 mmHg during inhalation resulting from increased pressure within the chest that suppresses the filling of the ventricles of the heart with blood.
Respiratory Arrest complete stoppage of breathing
Respiratory Distress increased respiratory effort due to the impaired respiratory function; the sensation of difficulty breathing, although tidal volumes and respiratory rate are still adequate.
Respiratory Failure inadequate respiratory rate and/or tidal volume
Spacer a chamber that is connected to the metered-dose inhaler to collect the medication until it is inhaled.
Tripod Position a position in which the patient sits upright, leans slightly forward, and supports the body with the arms in front and elbows locked. This is a position commonly found in respiratory distress
Created by: saunterdog