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Biochemistry

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Biochemistry The branch of science concerned with the chemical and physic chemical processes that occur within living organisms.
Element A part or aspect of something abstract, especially one that is essential or characteristic.
Compound Athing that is composed of two or more separate elements; a mixture.
Organic compounds Compound that contain both carbon and hydrogen.
Inorganic compounds Compound that is not organic compound. Some simple compounds that contain carbon are often considered inorganic.
Carbohydrates Any of a large group of organic compounds occurring in foods and living tissues and including sugars, starch, and cellulose.
Lipids Any of a class of organic compounds that are fatty acids or their derivatives and are insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents. They include many natural oils, waxes, and steroids.
Proteins The total nitrogenous material in plant or animal substances.
Enzymes Any of numerous complex proteins that are produced by living cells and catalyze specific biochemical reactions at body temperatures.
Nucleic acids Any of various complex organic acids (such as DNA or RNA) that are composed of nucleotide chains.
Hydrolysis A chemical process of decomposition involving the splitting of a bond and the addition of the hydrogen cation and the hydroxide anion of water.
Synthesis The production of a substance by the union of chemical elements, groups, or simpler compounds or by the degradation of a complex compound.
pH pH is a measure of the hydrogen ion concentration of a solution. Solutions with a high concentration of hydrogen ions have a low pH and solutions with a low concentrations of H+ ions have a high pH.
Created by: jayrenys