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biochemistry

vocabulary 4

QuestionAnswer
organic compound organic molecules contain carbon, nearly all contain hydrogen, living thing
inorganic compound contain only one either carbon or hydrogen
Carbohydrate(s) large group of organic compounds occurring in foods and living tissues
Protein(s) dependent plasma nitroglycerin synthesized in the liver.
Lipid(s) c compounds that are fatty acids or their derivatives
Enzyme(s) a substance produced by a living organism
Amino acid(s) simple organic compound containing both a carboxyl (
Simple sugars Glucose or dextrose. Fructose. Galactose. Mannose. Ribose and deoxyribos
Disaccharide of sugars whose molecules contain two monosaccharide residues.
Ribonucleic acid take RNA/DNA combinations to improve memory and mental
Deoxyribonucleic acid is a molecule composed of two chains that coil around each other
Polysaccharide a carbohydrate (e.g., starch, cellulose, or glycogen) whose molecules consist of a number
Glycogen substance deposited in bodily tissues as a store of carbohydrates.
Peptide Peptides are short chains of amino acid monomers linked by peptide bonds.
Catalyst substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without itself
Denature take away or alter the natural qualities
Hydrolysis chemical breakdown of a compound due to reaction with water.
Dehydration synthesis “to put together while losing water
Substrate( a substance or layer that underlies something, or on which some process
Fatty acids and glycerol fat molecule, the fatty acids are attached to each of the three carbons of the glycerol molecule with an ester bond through the oxygen atom.
Dipeptide peptide composed of two amino-acid residue
coenzyme nonprotein compound that is necessary for the functioning of a
Macromolecules a molecule containing a very large number of atoms
Created by: glendy