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Earth and Science SS

A study stack for the earth and science test on 11-8-18 :))

What are the Income and Expenses of Earth's water budget? Precipitation, Snow, rain sleet, and Runoff
What are some personal uses of water? Bathing, Drinking, Dishes. (anything that involves using water)
What happens to 90% of the water used by cities and industry? Why is this bad? It it bad because it becomes waste water and goes into rivers and oceans.
How much of the earths surface is covered by water? 68- 71%
How much of the earths water is fresh water? 3%
What is desalination? The process of removing salt from sea water
Name of some different water sheds we live in: Lake MI, Great lakes, White river
Examples of Suspended load: Silt and sand
Bed load: Rocks
Dissolved load: Salt, Nitrates
How does a meander become and oxbow? An oxbow becomes a meander due to the rivers eroding the bank, leaving a non flowing body of water.
What is an Aquifer? A body of permeable rock that contains groundwater (Rock that stores water)
A permeable rock type: Sandstone
An impermeable rock type: Clay
What are the two zones of an aquifer? The zone of saturation and aeration
How does a perched water table form When there is an impermeable layer of rock above the aquifer
An example of a recharge zone Storm water drains
How does a Cone of Depression form? When ground water is pumped from a well
What causes water to be pushes through an artesian well? Pressure around it
What is a Geyser? A hot spring in which hot water boils, eventually shooting up hot water and steam into the air.
Two characteristics of of a healthy river Turbidity and Dissolved Oxygen
Where is the low gradient/ low discharge The end of a river
Headwaters = High discharge
The zone of Aeration is the above the zone of what Saturation
What does a braided stream look like Rivers and streams going off of each other
Things you need to add on to your river system drawing: Watershed, Divide, tributaries, and the mainstream.
What is the effect of stream gradient on its discharge? The steeper the gradient, the greater the discharge
Created by: 2023721jk