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Molecules of Life

Mrs. Brooder's Organic Macromolecules

What is a monosaccharide? A simple sugar. The building block of carbohydrates.
What process is used to join 2 monosaccharides to make a disaccharide? Dehydration Synthesis
What type of sugar is glucose? monosaccharide
What type of sugar is sucrose? disaccharide
What is the carbohydrate that the human body stores? glycogen
What type of macromolecule is a triglyceride? Lipid
What lipid is the main component of the cell membrane? phospholipid
What are the building blocks of a triglyceride? glycerol and 3 fatty acids
What determines if a fat is saturated? It has only single bonds between carbons in its fatty acid chain
What is the difference between a phospholipid and a triglyceride? A triglyceride has 3 fatty acids attached to a glycerol, a phospholipid has 2 FAs and 1 phospate group
What are the 3 main parts of all amino acids? amine group, carboxyl group (carboxylic acid) and a radical group
What is the bond between 2 amino acids called? peptide bond
What term is used to describe the process of changing the shape of a protein such that the function also changes? Denature
Created by: abrooder