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Biochemistry Part 2

Wolohon-Biochemistry Module 2 Part 2 Review

All cells contain what to allow them to break the phosphate bonds of ATP? Enzymes
ATP releases what to fuel cell functions? Energy
Energy from the cell does what? Moves substances in and out, carries out chemical reactions, and provides the cell with a stable temperature
In binary fission what duplicates itself? Chromosome
Viruses can only reproduce where? Within a host
A virus will use what of an infected cell to produce other viruses? Nucleic acid and enzymes
What does a virus become if it presents no signs of infection but becomes active later? Dormant
Abnormally high body temperature Fever
Provides structure to the cell and supports other parts of the cell. Cytoplasm
Parasitic infection of red blood cells by a plasmodium virus transmitted by the bite of a mosquito. Malaria
Gives a bacterium its shape. Outer cell wall
May be unicellular or multicellular Fungi
Found in and on the body Fungi
Can spread to the inside of the body through spores Fungi
Mites and lice generally affect what area in a host's body? The Surface
pH closer to O Acidic
pH closer to 14 Basic or Alkaline
Process in which glucose and oxygen are converted into carbon dioxide and water. Cell Metabolism or Cellular Respiration
96.5-99.5 Normal range of body temperature
Unicellular organism that is adapted for life in water and forms cysts that pass from host to host. Protozoan
Bacteria that can reproduce only within the cells of a living host. Rickettsiae
Protozoa Unicellular
Live in water and soil Protozoa
Spread from food or water contaminated with cysts Protozoa
Parasites such as lice,fleas, mosquitos, and ticks may be what? Vectors
Processes that lead to chemical reactions in the body. Metabolism
Primary source of energy in the body. Adenosine Triphosphate
Cell Theory All organisms are made of small, enclosed bodies called cells and of the products of those cells.
Nucleic acids within shells of protein. Virus
Live off of nutrients in the host's body or blood or on the host itself. Parasitic Worms
Have several stages of life involving eggs, larvae, and adult stages. Parasitic Worms
Have a normal pH value with a narrow range above and below that value. Body Fluids
Normal human activities can lead to major shifts of what? pH
Characteristics of living organisms. Reproduction and growth, metabolism and movement, adaptation and responsiveness
Part of the cell that provides a passageway for the transport of materials within the cell and synthesizes lipids. Endoplasmic Reticulum
Multicelluar or unicellular organism that reproduces by means of spores and may be pathogenic or nonpathogenic. Fungus
Colonize with each other so that another way of indentifying them is by the shape of their colonies. Cocci and bacilli
Process of chemical synthesis in which small molecules are combined to produce larger molecules. Anabolism
Normal body temperature. 98.6
Body temperature is higher or lower during sleep? Lower
Regulates the body temperature. Hypothalamus
Part of the cell that produces ATP and serves as the site of cellular respiration. Mitochondria
What does cell function do? Absorb material to support cell functions and to release energy, synthesize protein and reproduce itself, excretes waste products and support functions specific to the cell
Created by: twolohon