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Cell Differentiation

Cell Specialization Project

How does a single cell become an organism with specialized structures? What two processes does the single cell have to go through? The cell must go through mitosis and differentiation.
What is cell differentiation? cells become specialized in structure and function
What does differentiation determine? What cell type each cell will become. In humans, there are hundreds of cell types. The genes that control differentiation direct each cell when to form the particular proteins and the structures to make it a specific cell
Cell differentiation occurs at what stages? fully developed, mature organisms
What does the organism change from? Zygote to complex system of tissues and cell types.
Why is cell differentiation important? cells become specialized in order to perform different functions.
What does cell differentiation occur through? gene expression
Can differentiation occur multiple times? yes
What happens during cell differentiation? a young and immature cell evolves into a specialized cell
What becomes specialized cells during differentiation? generic embryonic cells
Whats the shape of a red blood cell? disk shaped & flattened
What do neurons have to connect to other nerve cells? branches
What are sperm cells composed of? head and a tail (flagellum)
Whats the function of a stomata? allows gases to enter or leave a plant
What does a xylem transport? water
What does a phloem transport? glucose
Once a cell differentiates can it be reversed? no
Created by: parkerbivinss