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Mid Term

per- through
trans- through, across, beyond
-coccus berry shaped (form of bacterium)
-ia diseased or abnormal state, condition of
rhytid/o wrinkles
staphyl/o grapelike clusters
xer/o dry, dryness
seb/o sebum oil
strept/o twisted chains
epi- on, upon, over
para- beside, beyond, around, abnormal
-itis inflammation
-ectomy excision or surgical removal
sub- under, below
-a noun suffix, no meaning
intra- within
cutane/o, dermat/o, derm/o skin
hidr/o sweat
myc/o fungus
onych/o, ungu/o nail
heter/o other
kerat/o horny tissue
necr/o death (cells, body)
pachy/o thick
crypt/o hidden
coni/o dust
aut/o self
bi/o life
uni- one
-ior pertaining to
-ad toward
bi- two
aden/o gland
epitheli/o epithelium
chlor/o green
cyan/o blue
erythr/o red
cyt/o cell
chrom/o color
cancer/o, carcin/o cancer
-pathy disease
-oma tumor, swelling
-megaly enlargement
-logist one who studies and treats
-logy study of
-oid resembling
-osis abnormal condition
-plasia condition of formation, development, growth
meta- after, beyond, change
pro- before
-cyte cell
-genic producing, origination, causing
-gen substance or agent that produces or causes
hypo- below, incomplete, deficient, under
neo- new
-al, -ic, -ous pertaining to
sarc/o flesh, connective tissue
system/o system
xanth/o yellow
dys- painful, abnormal, difficult, labored
hyper- above, excessive
dia- through, complete
viscer/o internal organs
somat/o body
melan/o black
neur/o nerve
organ/o organ
rhabd/o rod-shaped, striated
path/o disease
onc/o tumor, mass
my/o muscle
lip/o fat
fibr/o fiber
hist/o tissue
kary/o nucleus
leuk/o white
eti/o cause (of disease)
gno/o knowledge
iatr/o physician, medicine (also means treatment)
lei/o smooth
albumin/o albumin
olig/o scanty, few
-iasia, -esis condition
noct/i night
hydr/o water
glyc/o, glycos.o sugar
glomerul/o glomerulus
urethr/o urethra
-scopy visual examination
urin/o, ur/o urine, urinary tract
-stenosis constriction or narrowing
pyel/o renal pelvis
ureter/o ureter
azot/o urea, nitrogen
blast/o developing cell, germ cell
meat/o meatus (opening)
nephr/o, ren/o kidney
cyct/o, vesic/o bladder, sac
lith/o stone
-scopic pertaining to visual examination
-spasm sudden, involuntary muscle contraction
-stomy creation of an artificial opening
-tomy cut into, incision
-thorax chest, chest cavity
epididym/o epididymis
balan/o glans penis
-uria urine, urination
-rrhaphy suturing, repairing
-lysis loosening, dissolution, separating
-ptosis drooping, sagging, prolapse
-tripsy surgical crushing
andr/o male
infer/o below
medi/o middle
proxim/o near the point of attachment of a body part
ventr/o belly (front)
dors/o back
later/o side
poster/o back, behind
super/o above
-sarcoma malignant tumor
-stasis control, stop, standing
caud/o tail (downward)
dist/o away from the point of attachment of a body part
-plasma growth, substance, formation
-sis state of
anter/o front
cephal/o head (upward)
-algia pain
-cele hernia or protusion
-ectasis stretching out, dilation, expansion
-gram the record, radio-graphic image
tachy- fast, rapid
-ar, -ary, -eal pertaining to
-centesis surgical puncture to aspirate fluid with a sterile needle
-emia in the blood
-graph instrument used to record, the record
-meter instrument used to measure
-pexy surgical fixation, suspension
-rrhagia rapid flow of blood, excessive bleeding
-graphy process of recording, radio-graphic imaging
-salpinx uterine tube (fallopian tube)
peri- surrounding (outer)
perine/o perineum
oophor/o ovary
-cleisis surgical closure
salping/o uterine tube (fallopian tube)
pelv/i pelvis, pelvic bones, pelvic cavity
arche/o first, beginning
vesicul/o seminal vesicle(s)
sperm/o, spermat/o sperm, spermatozoon
orchid/o, orchi/o, orch/o testis, testicle
men/o menstration
hyster/o, metr/o uterus
gynec/o, gyn/o woman
endometri/o endometrium
mamm/o, mast/o breast
hymen/o hymen
episi/o, vulv/o vulva
colp/o, vagin/o vagina
cervic/o, trachel/o cervix
-ism state of
vas/o vessel, duct
prostat/o prostate gland
alveol/o alveolus
-tome instrument used to cut
-plasty surgical repair
-opsy view of, viewing
adenoid/o adenoids
-rrhea flow, discharge
-phagia eating or swallowing
-malacia softening
lob/o lobe
hem/o, hemat/o blood
diaphragmat/o, phren/o diaphragm
bronchi/o, bronch/o bronchus
laryng/o larynx
epiglott/o epiglottis
capn/o carbon dioxide
atel/o imperfect, incomplete
pneum/o, pneumat/o, pneumon/o lung, air
phon/o sound, voice
ox/i oxygen
nas/o, rhin/o nose
pleur/o pleura
pharyng/o pharynx
orth/o straight
muc/o mucus
spir/o breathe, breathing
somn/o sleep
sept/o septum
py/o pus
son/o sound
sinus/o sinus
radi/o x-rays, ionizing radiation
pulmon/o lung
poly- many, much
endo- within
trache/o trachea
tom/o to cut, section, or slice
eu- normal, good
a-, an- absence of, without
tonsill/o tonsil
thorac/o thorax, chest, chest cavity
-scope instrument used for visual examination
-pnea breathing
-metry measurment
Created by: Jeremyjeske