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UVA Mod 5 Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Classification separating living organisms into groups based on their common characteristics
Decomposer:  organisms that break down organic matter
Ecosystem the biotic (living) organisms in an environment that includes the abiotic (nonliving) components
Food chain a series of organisms that consume one another, allowing the energy and nutrients to flow from one to the next
Food web a network of interconnected food chains
Organism:  an individual animal, plant, or single-celled life form
Primary consumer herbivores that eat producers
Producer:  also called autotrophs, organisms that produce their own food using inorganic compounds and an energy source like the sun
Secondary consumer  carnivores or omnivores that consume primary consumers and/or producers
Trophic level refers to each level in an ecosystem comprising organisms that share the same function in the food chain and the same nutritional relationship to the primary sources of energy
Linnaean taxonomy a modern system of classification used to organize living things
Domain highest taxonomic rank of organisms in the three-domain system of taxonomy based on genetics designed by Carl Woese, an American microbiologist and biophysicist
vGenetics the science of heredity, dealing with similarities and differences in related organisms resulting from the interaction of their genes and the environment
Kingdom the highest classification into which living organisms are grouped in Linnaean taxonomy
Species organisms that are like each other and can reproduce and produce fertile offspring together
Chemical energy the energy stored in the bonds of an atom
Electrical energy the energy in the movement of electrons
Energy the ability to perform work on or cause change in things
Gravitational energy:   the energy of place or position; the higher an object is above sea level, the more gravitational energy it has
Kinetic energy the energy of motion
Law of conservation of energy law that states that energy can neither be created nor destroyed; it can be transferred from one object to another or transformed to different forms
Mechanical energy : energy that is either stored as potential or due to motion as kinetic
Nuclear energy the energy stored in the nucleus of an atom
Potential energy stored energy that an object has due to its position, condition, or chemical composition
Radiant energy electromagnetic energy (light energy) that travels in waves outward from a source
Scientific model  a representation to help us better understand ideas about real-world systems
Sound energy:  the movement of energy through particles or substances in waves producing a sound
Thermal (heat) energy the internal energy of substances caused by the movement of atoms or molecules
Created by: mpolitz