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UVA Mod 4 Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Conservation the ethical use and protection of the natural world and its resources
Economics the production, consumption, and transfer of wealth
Politics the activities dealing with the government of a country or other countries
Social issue a problem that affects a large number of people within a society
Carbon dioxide a compound that is a colorless, odorless gas
Chlorophyll a green pigment present in all plants that absorbs light to provide energy for photosynthesis
Chloroplast: an organelle that contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthesis takes place
Energy a capacity to do work that can produce physical changes within living and nonliving systems
Glucose a type of sugar that is produced during photosynthesis to store chemical energy
Law of conservation of energy states that energy can be neither created nor destroyed, but it can transform from one form to another
Photosynthesis a process that uses sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water
Cellular respiration:  a set of processes that convert biochemical energy from glucose into an energy molecule that is stored for later use
Metabolic process:  an organic process in a cell or organism that is necessary for life
Mitochondria special structures found in most cells where cellular respiration and energy production take place
Aerobic respiration the breakdown of food to create energy in the presence of oxygen
Alcoholic fermentation  a process that converts sugars into cellular energy, ethanol, and carbon dioxide
Anaerobic respiration the production of energy without the presence of oxygen
ATP the main energy molecule used in metabolic processes of cells
Carbon footprint the amount of carbon compounds emitted into the environment by a particular person, group, etc
Cytoplasm the gel-like material within a living cell
Electron transport chain a process in which electrons are transferred from one compound to another with a release of energy occurring in the production of ATP
Fermentation the chemical breakdown of a substance
Lactic acid fermentation a process that converts glucose into cellular energy and lactic acid
NADPH an energy molecule used in metabolic processes of cells
Organelles organized and specialized structures within cells
Pyruvate an organic molecule that serves as a medium in many metabolic processes
Thylakoid membrane-bound structures inside chloroplasts
Created by: mpolitz