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genes sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines a trait
homologous chromosomes chromosomes in which one set comes from the male parent and one set comes from the female parent
gamete sex cells
haploid a cell that contains only a single set of genes (HALF)
segregation separation of alleles during gamete formation
independent assortment genes for different traits can segregate independently during the formation of gametes
fertilization process in sexual reproduction in which male and female reproductive cells join to form a new cell
diploid a cell that contains two sets of homologous chromosomes, (DOUBLE)
meiosis process in which the number of chromosomes per cell is cut in half through the separation of homologous chromosomes in a diploid cell
crossing over process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of their chromatids during meiosis
recombination exchange of genes between chromosomes
DNA genetic material that organisms inherit from their parents
mutation change in the genetic material of a cell
mitosis part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleus divides
daughter cells one of the two or more cells formed in the division of a parent cell
asexual reproduction process of reproduction involving a single parent that results in offspring that are genetically identical to the parent
sexual reproduction type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to form the first cell of a new organism
cell cycle series of events in which a cell grows, prepares for division, and divides to form 2 daughter cells
genetic variation variation in alleles and genes
chromosome threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic information
Created by: crystalhawes