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Medical Terminology

Prefix/Root/Suffix

TermDefinition
a-, an- without, lack of
ab- away from
ad- to, toward, near
ante- before, forward, in front of
anti- against
auto- self
bi- double, two, twice
brady- slow
circum- around
contra- against, opposite
cyan- blue
de- down, from
dia- across, through, apart
dis- apart, free from
dys- bad, difficult, abnormal, painful
ecto- outer, outside
en- in, into, within
endo- inner, inside
epi- over, on, upon
erythro- red
eu- normal, good, well, healthy
ex- out, out of, from, away from
hemi- half
hyper- excessive, too much, high
hypo- under, decreased, less than normal
in- in, into, within, not
inter- between
intra- within
intro- into, within
leuko- white
macro- large
mal- bad, illness, disease
meg- large
micro- small
mono- one, single
neo- new
non- not
olig- small, scant
para- beside, beyond, after
per- by, through
peri- around
poly- many, much
post- after, behind
pre- before, in front of, prior to
pro- before, in front of
re- again, backward
retro- backward, behind
semi- half
sub- under, beneath
super- above, over, excess
supra- above, over
tachy- fast, rapid
trans- across
uni- one
abdomin (o) abdomen
aden (o) gland
adren (o) adrenal gland
angi (o) vessel
arteri (o) artery
arthr (o) joint
bronch (o) bronchus, bronchi
card, cardi (o) heart
cephal (o) head
chole, chol (o) bile
chondr (o) cartilage
colo colon, large intestine
cost (o) rib
crani (o) skull
cyst (o) bladder, cyst
cyt (o) cell
dent (o) tooth
derma skin
duoden (o) duodenum
electr (o) electricity
encephal (o) brain
enter (o) intestines
fibr (o) fiber, fibrous
gastr (o) stomach
gloss (o) tongue
gluc (o) sweetness, glucose
glyc (o) sugar
gym, gone, gyneco woman
hem, hema, hemo, hemat (o) blood
hepat (o) liver
hydr (o) water
hyster (o) uterus
Ike (o), ili (o) ileum
laparo abdomen, loin, flank
laryng (o) larynx
lith (o) stone
mamm (o) breast, mammary gland
mast (o) mammary gland, breast
meno menstruation
my (o) muscle
myel (o) spinal cord, bone marrow
nephr (o) kidney
neur (o) nerve
ocul (o) eye
oophor (o) ovary
ophthalm (o) eye
orth (o) straight, normal, correct
oste (o) bone
ot (o) ear
ped (o) child, foot
pharyng (o) pharynx
phleb (o) vein
pneum (o) lung, air, gas
proct (o) rectum
psych (o) mind
pulmo lung
py (o) pus
rect (o) rectum
rhin (o) nose
salping (o) eustachian tube, fallopian tube
splen (o) spleen
sten (o) narrow, constriction
stern (o) sternum
stomat (o) mouth
therm (o) heat
thoraco chest
thromb (o) clot, thrombus
thyr (o) thyroid
toxic (o) poison, poisonous
toxo poison
trache (o) trachea
urethr (o) urethra
urin (o) urine
uro urine, urinary tract, urination
uter (o) uterus
vas (o) blood vessel, vas deferens
ven (o) vein
vertebr (o) spine, vertebrae
-algia pain
-asis condition, usually abnormal
-cele hernia, herniation, pouching
-centesis puncture and aspiration of
-cyte cell
-ectasis dilation, stretching
-ectomy excision, removal of
-emia blood condition
-genesis development, production, creation
-genic producing, causing
-gram record
-graph a diagram, a recording instrument
-graphy making a recording
-iasis condition of
-ism a condition
-itis inflammation
-logy the study of
-lysis destruction of, decomposition
-megaly enlargement
-meter measuring instrument
-oma tumor
-osis condition
-pathy disease
-penia lack, deficiency
-phagia to eat or consume, swallowing
-phasia speaking
-phobia an exaggerated fear
-plasty surgical repair or reshaping
-plegia paralysis
-pnea breathing, respiration
-ptosis falling, sagging, dropping down
-rrhage, rrhagia excessive flow
-rrhaphy sticking, suturing
-rrhea flow, discharge
-scope examination instrument
-scopy examination using a scope
Created by: Steffany_tineo