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NRTC med/surg ch. 60

QuestionAnswer
Number of bones in the human body 206
Classification of cranial and rib bones Flat bones
Classification of face and hip bones Irregular
Humerus and femur bone classification Long bone
Classification of carpal bones Short bones
End of a long bone Epiphysis
Shaft of a bone Diaphysis
Layer of tissue that surrounds the bone so it can connect to a tendon Periosteum
Mature bone cells Osteocytes
Destruction and resorption of bone Osteoclast
Build bone by secreting bone matrix Osteoblast
Growth plate made of cartilage Epiphyseal disk
Manufactures blood cells and hemoglobin Red bone marrow
Consists of primarily fat cells and connective tissue Yellow bone marrow
Voluntary muscle Skeletal muscle
Sliding filaments Sarcomeres
Found in the walls of body cavities and organs Smooth muscle
Found only in the heart and conducts through automaticity it is involuntary Cardiac muscle
Cordlike structure that attaches muscles to periosteum of Bones Tendon
Fibrous tissue connecting two bones Ligaments
Dense connective tissue that is firm and compact Cartilage
Muscle to muscle Aponeurosis
Cartilage in joints Hyaline cartilage
Cartilage in knees Semilunar cartilage
Cartilage found in intervertebral discs Fibrous cartilage
Cartilage found in the epiglottis ears larynx and nose Elastic cartilage
Sac filled with synovial fluid Bursae
Inflammation of joints an example would be tennis elbow Bursitis
Peak bone mass occurs between these ages 30 through 35
Recommended calcium intake it makes up to four servings of dairy daily 1000 mg a day
Recommended calcium intake for a person over the age of 50 1200 mg a day
Vitamin that assist calcium absorption vitamin D
How you assess the severity of injury to musculoskeletal structures Compare side to side
exaggerated curvature of the thoracic lumbar Kyphosis
Exaggerated lumbar curvature Lordosis
Lateral curvature of the spine Scoliosis
Neurovascular assessment of musculoskeletal Circulation sensation Mobility pain or pain pulse parlor paresthesia
When caring for a trauma patient what is the number one rule to get a focused assessment A trauma patient is a naked patient
What does rices stand for Rest ice compression elevation stabilisation
Radiographic examination of internal structures of the joint Arthrogram
Endoscopic procedure to visualize the joint Arthroscopy
How long should crepitus be present after an arthroscopy No longer than 24 to 48 hours
Uses IV injection of contrast dye four to six hours before procedure to detect uptake of radioactive substance by the bone to measure bone density Bone scan
How long does a bone scan take 30 to 60 minutes
A nurse encourages increase fluids post bone scan for this reason Flush kidneys and decrease toxicity
When Bones show a high metabolic absorption of contrast dye Indicates malignant tissue
Infection of the bone Osteomyelitis
Beams of radiation used to measure bone mineral density does not require contrast dye Dexa scan
What are the results of a dexa scan and what are they looking for A t score for osteoporosis
Nerve conduction study were needles attached to electrodes are inserted into muscles and electrical activity is recorded during muscular contraction Electromyography
Test for uric acid and calcium excretion 24-hour urine collection
Aspiration of synovial fluid in a joint Arthrocentesis
Which joint has the greatest range of motion Ball and socket
Atlas and axis joint type Pivot joint
Where is the only saddle joint found Thumb
Created by: LBerkey