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A&P Chap 1 Key Words

TermDefinition
Abdominal Cavity Area of the body that contains the stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, small intestine, appendix, and part of the large intestine.
Abdominopelvic Cavity Area below the diaphragm, with no separation between the abdomen and pelvis.
Anabolism
Building up of complex materials in metabolism
Anatomical position Body standing erect, face forward, arms at side, and palms forward
Anatomy The study of the structure of an organism
Anterior Front or ventral
Biology The study of all forms of life
Buccal cavity Mouth cavity bounded by the inner surface of the cheek
Catabolism
The breaking down and changing of complex materials with the release of energy; a process in metabolism
Caudal Refers to Direction, near the tail end of the body
Cell Basic unit of structure and function of all living things
Cephalic Directional term used to mean toward the head
Coronal (frontal) plane Frontal plane at a right angle to the sagittal plane; divides the body into anterior and posterior segments
Cranial cavity Area of the body containing the brain
Cytology Study of cells
Deep Directional term used to describe an internal organ within the body such as the stomach
Dermatology Study of the physiology and pathology of the skin
Disease Any abnormal changes in the structure and function of an organism that produces systems
Distal Farthest from the point of origin of a structure; opposite of proximal
Dorsal Pertaining to the back
Dorsal cavity Posterior cavity of the body that houses the brain and spinal column
Embryology Study of the formation of an organism from fertilized egg to birth
Endocrinology Study of the physiology and pathology of the hormonal system
Epigastric Upper region of the abdominal cavity, located just below the sternum
External Superficial; at or near the surface of the skin
Histology Microscopic study of living tissues
Homeostasis State of balance; the ability of the healthy body to regulate the internal environment within narrow limits
Hypogastric Lower region of the abdominal area
Inferior Below another or lower
Internal Term used to refer to body cavities and hollow organs; same as deep
Lateral Toward the side
Life functions A series of Highly organized and related activities that allow living organisms to live, grow, and maintain themselves
Medial Directional term, toward midline of the body
Metabolism A functional activities of cells that result in growth, repair, and the release of energy by the cells
Metric system A decimal system based on the power of 10.
Midsagittal plane An imaginary line dividing the body into equal right and left halves
Nasal cavity One of the pair of cavities between the anterior Nares and the nasopharynx
Neurology Study of the physiology and pathology of the nervous system
Oral cavity Encloses the teeth and tongue
Orbital cavity Contains the eye and its external structures
Organ system Organs that are grouped together because more than one is needed to perform a function
Organs Groups of tissues organized according to structure and function
Pelvic cavity Area of the body containing the urinary bladder, reproductive organs, rectum, remainder of the large intestine, and appendix
Physiology Study of the functions of living organisms and their parts
Planes Imaginary, anatomical dividing lines useful and separating body structures
Posterior Located behind or at the back; opposite to anterior
Proximal Located nearest the center of the body; point of attachment of a structure
Quadrants A term used in reference to the abdominal area by dividing it into four areas, or quadrants
Sagittal plane Directional term that divides the body into left and right parts
Section A cut made through the body in direction of a certain plane
Spinal cavity Area of the body containing the spinal cord
Superficial On or near the surface of the body
Superior In anatomy, higher; denoting upper of two parts, toward vertex
Thoracic cavity Area of the body divided into two cavities; the left pleural cavity contains the left lung and the right pleural cavity contains the right lung
Tissues Cells grouped according to size, shape, and functions; epithelial, connective, muscle, and nerve tissues are examples
Transverse Crosswise; at right angles to the longitudinal axis of the body
Umbilical Area located around the navel; the right and left lumbar region
Umbilicus Navel
Ventral Front or anterior; opposite of posterior or dorsal
Created by: Staceyleeann1972