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Sociology Chapter 5


In-group Group that a person identifies with & feels loyalty towards
Out-group Group that a person feels opposition, rivalry, or hostility towards
Triad (3) More stable than a dyad, conflicts between 2 members can be mediated by the third
Dyad (2) Smallest possible group, unstable due to its small size, if one person leaves it no longer exists
Group Dynamics Patterns of interaction between groups & individuals
Anomie Normlessness
Social Network Web of direct & indirect ties connecting an individual to other people
Secondary Groups Larger & less personal, usually organized around a specific activity or task
Primary Groups Involve the most face-to-face interaction & cooperation & the deepest feelings of belonging
Aggregate Collection of people who share a physical location but do not have lasting social relations
Crowd Temporary gathering of people in a public place, who do not identify with each other & will not remain in contact
Group Collection of people who share some attribute, identify one another, & interact with each other
Social Influence Peer pressure
Groupthink Tendency of very cohesive groups to enforce a high degree of conformity among members, creating a demand for unanimous agreement
Social Identity The degree to which they identify with the group
Social Loafing Groups efficiency usually declines as its size increases with group size
Teamwork Group out performs the individuals but rarely performs as well as it could in theory
Internalization Strongest type of conformity, an individual adopts the beliefs or actions of a group & makes them his or her own
Identification Conformity to establish or maintain a relationship with a person or group
Compliance Mildest form of conformity, actions to gain reward or avoid punishment
3 Types of Conformity 1. Compliance 2. Identification 3. Internalization
Negative Sanctions To gain rejection & disapproval
Positive Sanctions To gain acceptance & approval
Group Cohesion Sense of solidarity or loyalty that individuals feel toward a group to which they belong
Reference Group Group that provides a standard of comparison against which people evaluate themselves
Created by: aleahgoodson