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Quick Notes - Enzyme

Twelfth Edition AP Biology Chapter 6, Enzymes

TermDefinition
What's an Enzyme? Protein molecule, biological catalyst.
What's the Function of an Enzyme? Speeds up the Chemical Reaction without afflicting itself
Substrate Reactant in the enzymatic reaction.
Ribozymes Enzyme made up of RNA instead of protein. Biological catalyst.
Metabolic pathway Series of linked reactions
Active site Part of Enzyme that directly interacts with substrate. Changes slightly to accommodate substrates
Degradation Substrate broken down into it's products
Synthesis Substrates combined to produce larger products
What factors are involved with the speed of the enzymatic reaction? pH, Temperature, or inhibitors.
Denaturation Prevents enzymes from binding with substrates efficiently by changing the shape of the enzyme.
Cofactors Inorganic ions or non-protein organic molecules required at the active site of an enzyme.
Coenzymes Non-protein organic molecules, may accept / contribute atoms to the reactions
Created by: CommanderJonno