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unit 5 energy

energy the ability to cause change in matter
matter anything that has mass and takes up space
three states of matter solid, liquid, and gas
potential energy the energy an object has because of its position or condition
kinetic energy energy an object has because of its movement
electrical energy energy that is caused by the movement of electric charges
chemical energy energy that can be released by a chemical reaction
thermal energy total kinetic energy of the particles in matter
light energy form of energy that you can see
sound energy energy that travels through waves of vibrating matter
mechanical energy combination of potential and kinetic energy an object contains.
heat energy transferred between substances with different temperatures
temperature measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a substance
radiation transfer of energy in waves without matter to carry it
conduction transfer of energy between particles that are in contact
convection transfer of energy by currents in a liquid or a gas
solar radiation most important energy resource on Earth
combustion of fuels second most important energy resource on Earth
electric current flow of electic charges along a path
static electricity build up of electric charges on an object