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Chapters 5-8 Exam

Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
angi/o blood or lymph vessel
angina pectoris Is as condition which severe episodes of chest pain occur due to inadequate blood flow to the myocardium
anti- against
antibiotic medication s capable of inhibiting growth or killing pathogenic bacteria
antibody a disease-fighting protein created by the immune system in response to the presences of a specific antigen
antigen any substance that the body regards as being foreign
arteri/o artery
ather/o plaque or a fatty substance
benign something that is not life threatening and does not recur
brady- slow
cardi/o heart
edema swelling caused by an abnormal accumulation of fluid in cells, tissue, or cavities of the body
electrocardiogram( ECG) a record of the electricity activity of the myocardium
embolus a foreign object, such as a blood clot, quantity of air gas or a bit of tissue or tumor, that circulating in blood
-emia blood .blood condition
erythr/o red
fibrillation a rapid, uncontrolled heartbeat
hem/o, hemat/o blood, relating to blood
hemostasis to stop or control bleeding
holter monitor a portable ECG worn by ambulatory patient to continuously monitor the heart rates and rhythms over a 24 or 48 hr period
occlusion blockage
onc/o tumor
palpitation a pounding or racing heart with or without irregularity in rhythm
pericardium doubled-wall membranous sac that encloses the heart
phleb/o vein
SA node is located in the posterior wall of the right atrium near the entrance of the superior vena cava
tachy- fast, rapid
thromb/o clot
yeast a type of fungus
immun/o immune, protection, safe
in stitu
leuk/o white
lymph/o lymph, lymphatic tissue
malignant form of cancer
metastasis the new cancer site that results from the spreading process
myocardial infarction the occlusion of 1 or + coronary arteries caused by plaque buildup
neo-, ne/o new, strange
acute condition has a rapid onset a severe course and a relatively short duration
alvcoli
anorexia nervosa lost of appetite for food, especially when caused by disease
apnea the absence of spontaneous respiration
atonic lacking normal muscle tone or strength
bariatrics the branch of medicine for the prevention and control of obesity and associated diseases
borborygmus the rumbling noise caused by movement of gas in the intestine
bulimia nervosa an eating disorder characterized by frequent episodes of binge eating followed by compensatory behaviors such as self-induced vomiting
cachexia physical wasting away due to the loss of weight and muscle mass that occurs in patients with disease such as advanced cancer or AIDS
gastritis inflammation of the stomach
constipation having a bowel movement fewer than 3 times a week
diarrhea the abnormally frequent flow of loose or watery stool
Created by: 177520