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5th Sci.- Earth Scie

Earth Science Vocabulary

the innermost layer of the Earth made of solid metals core
the thin outer layer of the Earth made of solid rock crust
the phases of the moon that occur due to the spinning of the planet or moon on its axis lunar cycle
an imaginary line that runs between the North and South poles (tilted at 23.5 degrees) axis
a crack in the crust of the Earth along which there has been movement of the rocks on either side of the crack fault
the movement of sediment from one place to another by means of water, wind, or ice erosion
the shaking of Earth's crust that may cause destruction to buildings. It happens when there is a sudden release of pressure along a fault line in the Earth, or from volcanic activity earthquake
a place where one air mass meets and pushes aside another air mass front
water that falls to Earth's surface as rain, snow, sleet, or hail precipitation
materials in the environment that are useful to people natural resource
changes in water level at the shoreline that are caused by the pull of gravity betweeen the Earth and its moon tides
large rocks orbiting the Sun, most of them are located between Mars and Jupiter asteroids
the spinning of Earth on its axis rotation
a repeating of up and down or back and forth movement of matter wave
the change of water from one state to another as it moves betweeen Earth's surface and the atmosphere water cycle
a process of changing a liquid into a gas, for example, when liquid water becomes water vapor evaporation
the breaking down and wearing away of rock weathering
one of the four main phases of the moon, during which it is directly between the Earth and the Sun (completely dark) new moon
a solid natural material that has a crystal form and its own set of properties (rocks) minerals
resources that nature cannot replace quickly enough to meet people's needs nonrenewable resource
rock that is formed when sediments are pressed and cemented together sedimentary rock
an impression of, or trace of an animal or plant from a long time ago that has been preserved in the Earth's Crust fossil
resources that nature replaces as they are used (replaced in a short period of time) renewable resources
one complete orbit around the Sun revolution
an object that orbits a planet satellite
any of the four planets whose orbits lie closest to the sun and are within the asteroid belt (terrestrial planets) Inner planets
one object in space casting its shadow on another object in space eclipse
a process in which sediments are deposited or dropped in a new place deposition
melted rock that flows out of the ground onto Earth's surface lava
the Earth is divided into four main layers; the inner core, outer core, mantle, and crust layers of the Earth
an eruption on the Sun's surface solar flare
melted rock below Earth's surface magma
a mountain built up from hardened lava, rocks, and ash that erupted out of Earth volcano
the gas that surrounds a planet atmosphere
Earth's physical features; natural structures landforms
resources that are everlasting, impossible to use up inexhaustible resource
bits of rock, soil, sand, shell and the remains of organisms sediments
the sun's atmosphere made of hot gasses Sun's corona
rock that formed from cooled magma or lava igneous rock
the path that one object in space takes around another oject in space orbit
the sections of the Earth's cust Tectonic plates
planets with an orbit outside the asteroid belt (gas giants) outer planets
fuels formed from the remains of decayed ancient plants and animals fossil fuels
a layer of the Earth below the crust made of melted rock mantle
a sun and all the objects that move around it solar system
a liquid fossil fuel; also called crude oil petroleum
Created by: Bentsen