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IPC Utilizing Energy

TermDefinition
Nuclear fusion A reaction in which nuclei combine to form more massive nuclei with the simultaneous release of energy.
Nuclear fission A reaction in which a massive nucleus splits into smaller nuclei with the simultaneous release of energy.
Attractive Force The force by which one object attracts another.
Battery Two or more connected cells that produce a direct current by converting chemical energy to electrical energy.
Conductor A substance or medium that conducts heat, light, sound, or especially an electric charge.
Current The rate at which “charge” flows past a point on a circuit.
Electrical charge The amount of unbalanced electricity in a body (either positive or negative) and seen/observed as an excess or deficiency of electrons.
Electrical force The force exerted by stationary objects bearing electric charge on other stationary objects bearing electric charge.
Electromagnet A magnet consisting essentially of a coil of insulated wire wrapped around a soft iron core that is magnetized only when current flows through the wire.
Electron A particle with a negative electrical charge, located outside of the nucleus in the electron cloud of an atom.
Insulator A material that insulates, especially a non-conductor of sound, heat, or electricity.
Magnet A body that can attract certain substances, such as iron or steel, as a result of a magnetic field.
Magnetic force A force that exists between two electrically charged moving particles.
Parallel circuit A closed circuit in which the current divides into two or more paths before recombining to complete the circuit.
Proton A particle with a positive electrical charge, forming part of the nucleus of an atom.
Repulsive force The force by which bodies repel one another.
Resistor A device used to control current in an electric circuit by providing resistance.
Series circuit An electric circuit connected so that current passes through each circuit element in turn without branching.
Switch A device used to break or open an electric circuit or to divert current from one conductor to another.
Voltage A measure of the difference in electric potential between two points in space, a material, or an electrical circuit, expressed in volts
Energy conversion The process of changing one form of energy into another.
Fossil fuels A hydrocarbon deposit, such as petroleum, coal, or natural gas, derived from living matter of a previous geologic time and used for fuel.
Geothermal energy Energy derived from the heat in the interior of the Earth.
Hydropower Energy harnessed from water.
Nuclear energy The energy released by a nuclear reaction, especially by fission or fusion.
Radiant energy Energy that is emitted in the form of particles or electromagnetic radiation.
Wind energy Energy harnessed from wind.
Created by: tneal1
 

 



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