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Respiratory Terms

A&P CH16 Respiratory System Clinical Terms

anoxia absence or deficiency of oxygen within tissues
apnea temporary cessation of breathing
asphyxia oxygen deficiency and excess carbon dioxide in blood and tissues
atelectasis collapse of a lung or part of a lung
bradypnea abnormally slow breathing
bronchiolectasis chronic dilation of the bronchioles
bronchitis inflammation of the bronchial lining
Cheyne-Stokes respiration irregular breathing consisting of a series of shallow breaths that increase in depth and rate, followed by breaths that decrease in depth and rate
dyspnea difficulty breathing
eupnea normal breathing
hemothorax blood in the pleural cavity
hypercapnia excess carbon dioxide in the blood
hyperoxia excess oxygen in the blood
hyperpnea increase in the depth and rate of breathing
hyperventilation prolonged, rapid, and deep breathing
hypoxemia deficiency in flood oxygenation
hypoxia diminished availability of oxygen in tissues
lobar pneumonia pneumonia that affects an entire lung lobe
pleurisy inflammation of the pleural membranes
pneumoconiosis accumulation of particles from the environment in the lungs and the reaction of tissues to them
pneumothorax entrance of air into the space between the pleural membranes
rhinitis inflammation of the nasal cavity lining
sinusitis inflammation of the sinus cavity lining
tachypnea rapid, shallow breathing
tracheotomy incision in the trachea for exploration or for removal of foreign object