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Cl. Terms-Senses

A&P CH10 Somatic and Special Senses-Clinical Terms

TermDefinition
amblyopia dim vision due to a cause other than a refractive disorder or lesion
anopia absence of an eye
audiometry measurement of auditory acuity for various frequencies of sound waves
blepharitis inflammation of the eyelid margins
causalgia persistent, burning pain usually associated with injury to a limb
conjunctivitis inflammation of the conjunctiva
diplopia double vision
emmetropia normal condition of the eyes; eyes with no refractive defects
enucleation removal of the eyeball
exophthalmos abnormal protrusion of the eyes
hemianopsia defective vision affecting half of the visual field
hyperalgesia heightened sensitivity to pain
iridectomy surgical removal of part of the iris
iritis inflammation of the iris
keratitis inflammation of the cornea
labyrinthectomy surgical removal of the labyrinth
labyrinthitis inflammation of the labyrinth
Meniere’s disease inner ear disorder that causes ringing in the ears, increased sensitivity to sounds, dizziness, and hearing loss
neuralgia pain resulting from inflammation of a nerve or a group of nerves
neuritis inflammation of a nerve
nystagmus involuntary oscillation of the eyes
otitis media inflammation of the middle ear
otosclerosis formation of spongy bone in the inner ear, which often causes deafness by fixing the shapes to the oval window
pterygium abnormally thickened patch of conjunctiva that extends over part of the cornea
retinitis pigmentosa progressive retinal sclerosis characterized by pigment deposits in the retina and by retinal atrophy
retinoblastoma inherited, highly malignant tumor arising from immature retinal cells
tinnitus ringing or buzzing in the ears
trachoma bacterial disease of the eye that causes conjunctivitis, which may lead to blindness
tympanoplasty surgical reconstruction of the middle ear bones and the establishment of continuity form the eardrum to the oval window
uveitis inflammation of the uvea, the region of the eye that includes the iris, ciliary body, and choroid coat
vertigo sensation of dizziness
 



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